Mar 9 2018

VESPASIAN 69AD JUDAEA CAPTA Jewish War Victory Silver Ancient Roman Coin i44554

VESPASIAN 69AD JUDAEA CAPTA Jewish War Victory Silver Ancient Roman Coin i44554

VESPASIAN 69AD JUDAEA CAPTA Jewish War Victory Silver Ancient Roman Coin i44554

Item: i44554 Authentic Ancient Coin of. Vespasian – Roman Emperor : 69-79 A. “Judaea Capta” Silver Denarius 16mm (2.57 grams) Rome mint: 69-70 A. 35; Hendin 759 (3rd Edition); Hendin 1464 (5th Edition) Laureate head of Vespasian right; around IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG. Jewess seated right mourning below right of trophy; in exergue, IVDAEA. Judaea Capta coins (also spelled Judea Capta) were a series of commemorative coins originally issued by the Roman Emperor Vespasian to celebrate the capture of Judaea and the destruction of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem by his son Titus in 70 AD during the First Jewish Revolt. There are several variants of the coinage. The reverse of the coins shows a Jewish female (representing Judaea) seated right in an attitude of mourning at the base of a palm tree, with either a captive Jewish male standing right, with his hands bound behind his back, or the standing figure of the victorious emperor, or the goddess Victory, with a trophy of weapons, shields, and helmets to the left. The female figure may reflect the prophecy of Isaiah 3:8, 25-26: For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen… Thy men shall fall by the sword and thy mighty in the war. And her gates shall lament and mourn, and she being desolate shall sit upon the ground. The Judaea Capta coins were struck for 25 years under Vespasian and his two sons who succeeded him as Emperor – Titus and Domitian. These commemorative coins were issued in bronze, silver and gold by mints in Rome, throughout the Roman Empire , and in Judaea itself. They were issued in every denomination, and at least 48 different types are known. Only bronze’Judaea Capta’ coins were struck in Caesarea , in the defeated Roman province of Judea. These coins are much cruder than the Roman issues, and the inscriptions are in Greek rather than Latin. The designs feature the Goddess Nike writing on a shield, Minerva with a spear, shield, trophy and palm tree, etc. Most such coins were issued during the reign of the Emperor Domitian (81-96 AD). Unusually, a’Judaea Capta’ coin was also minted by the Jewish ruler Agrippa II , the great-grandson of Herod the Great. Brought up in Rome at the court of Claudius , Agrippa was thoroughly Romanised and was a close friend of Titus , whom he supported throughout the First Jewish Revolt. His bronze coin was minted at Tiberias and shows a portrait of Titus on the obverse with the Greek inscription”, while the reverse depicted the goddess Nike advancing right holding a wreath and palm branch over her shoulder, with a star in upper right field and the inscription’ETO – KS BA AGRI-PPA’. A trophy is a reward for a specific achievement, and serves as recognition or evidence of merit. , whence English ” trophy ” is an ancient Greek and later Roman monument set up to commemorate a victory over one’s foes. Typically this takes the shape of a tree, sometimes with a pair of arm-like branches (or, in later times, a pair of stakes set crosswise) upon which is hung the armour of a defeated and dead foe. The tropaion is then dedicated to a god in thanksgiving for the victory. A Roman tropaeum from the Dacian Wars (Trajan’s Column 113 CE, note the tree trunk with arm-like branches). In the Greek city-states of the Archaic period, the tropaion would be set up on the battlefield itself, usually at the site of the “turning point” Gk. Tropê at which the routed enemy’s phalanx broke, turned and ran. It would be dressed in the typical hoplite panoply of the period, including (at different times), a helmet , cuirass (either of bronze or linen), and a number of shields , etc, would be piled about the base. It remained on the battlefield until the following season’s campaigns (since battles were often fought in the same, relatively few plains amid Greece’s numerous mountains), where it might be replaced with a new trophy. In later eras in the Greek world, these tropaia might be vowed at the battle-site, but in fact erected at pan-Hellenic sanctuaries such as Olympia or Delphi to further increase the prestige of the victorious state. The significance of the monument is a ritualistic notification of “victory” to the defeated enemies. Since warfare in the Greek world was largely a ritualistic affair in the archaic hoplite-age (see Hanson , The Western Way of War for further elaboration of this idea), the monument is used to reinforce the symbolic capital of the victory in the Greek community. Ancient sources attest to the great deal of significance that early Greek cities placed upon symbols and ritual as linked to warfare–the story involving the bones of Orestes , for example, in Herodotus 1 which go beyond the ritualistic properties to even magically’guaranteeing’ the Spartan victory, displays the same sort of interest in objects and symbols of power as they relate to military success or failure. The tropaeum in Rome, on the other hand, would probably not be set up on the battle-site itself, but rather displayed prominently in the city of Rome. Romans were less concerned about impressing foreign powers or military rivals than they were in using military success to further their own political careers inside the city, especially during the later years of the Republic. A tropaeum displayed on the battlefield does not win votes, but one brought back and displayed as part of a triumph can impress the citizens (who might then vote in future elections in favor of the conqueror) or the nobles (with whom most aristocratic Romans of the Republican period were in a constant struggle for prestige). The symbolism of the tropaeum became so well known that in later eras, Romans began to simply display images of them upon sculpted reliefs (see image and Tropaeum Traiani), to leave a permanent trace of the victory in question rather than the temporary monument of the tropaeum itself. Originally the word trophy, derived from the Latin tropaion , referred to arms, standards, other property, or human captives and body parts e. Headhunting captured in battle. These war trophies commemorated the military victories of a state, army or individual combatant. In modern warfare trophy taking is discouraged, but this sense of the word is reflected in hunting trophies and human trophy collecting by serial killers. Trophies have marked victories since ancient times. The word trophy coined in English in 1550, was derived from the French trophée in 1513, “a prize of war”, from Old French trophee , from Latin trophaeum , monument to victory, variant of tropaeum , which in turn is the latinisation of the Greek (tropaion), the neuter of (tropaios), “of defeat” or “for defeat”, but generally “of a turning” or “of a change”, from (trop), “a turn, a change” and that from the verb (trepo), “to turn, to alter”. In ancient Greece, trophies were made on the battlefields of victorious battles, from captured arms and standards, and were hung upon a tree or a large stake made to resemble a warrior. Often, these ancient trophies were inscribed with a story of the battle and were dedicated to various gods. Trophies made about naval victories sometimes consisted of entire ships (or what remained of them) laid out on the beach. To destroy a trophy was considered a sacrilege. The ancient Romans kept their trophies closer to home. The Romans built magnificent trophies in Rome, including columns and arches atop a foundation. Most of the stone trophies that once adorned huge stone memorials in Rome have been long since stolen. Titus Flavius Vespasianus , known in English as Vespasian. 79 AD, was a Roman Emperor who reigned from 69 AD until his death in 79 AD. Vespasian was the founder of the short-lived Flavian dynasty , which ruled the Roman Empire between 69 AD and 96 AD He was succeeded by his sons Titus (7981) and Domitian (8196). Vespasian descended from a family of equestrians which rose into the senatorial rank under the emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Although he attained the standard succession of public offices, holding the consulship in 51, Vespasian became more reputed as a successful military commander, partaking in the Roman invasion of Britain in 43, and subjugating the Judaea province during the Jewish rebellion of 66. While Vespasian was preparing to besiege the city of Jerusalem during the latter campaign, emperor Nero committed suicide, plunging the Roman Empire into a year of civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors. After Galba and Otho perished in quick succession, Vitellius became emperor in mid 69. In response, the armies in Egypt and Judaea themselves declared Vespasian emperor on July 1. Vitellius was defeated, and the following day, Vespasian was declared emperor by the Roman Senate. Little factual information survives about Vespasian’s government during the ten years he was emperor. His reign is best known for financial reforms following the demise of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, the successful campaign against Judaea, and several ambitious construction projects such as the Colosseum. Upon his death on. He was succeeded by his eldest son Titus. The item “VESPASIAN 69AD JUDAEA CAPTA Jewish War Victory Silver Ancient Roman Coin i44554″ is in sale since Tuesday, November 18, 2014. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Composition: Silver
  • Ruler: Vespasian

Dec 17 2017

VITELLIUS 69AD Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome NGC VF i58227

VITELLIUS 69AD Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome NGC VF i58227

VITELLIUS 69AD Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome NGC VF i58227

VITELLIUS 69AD Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome NGC VF i58227

VITELLIUS 69AD Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome NGC VF i58227

VITELLIUS 69AD Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome NGC VF i58227

VITELLIUS 69AD Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome NGC VF i58227

Item: i58227 Authentic Ancient Coin of. Silver Denarius 18mm (3.15 grams) Rome mint, late April-December 20, 69 A. CBN 69 Certification: NGC Ancients Ch VF Strike: 4/5 Surface: 2/5 4375810-009 A VITELLIVS GERM IMP AVG TR P Laureate head right. LIBERTAS RESTITVTA Libertas standing facing, head right, holding pileus and long rod. References to the restoration of liberty as the message on this coin was one of the most common themes during the civil war. LIBERTAS – Liberty is represented in two ways on coins: the one as a woman with a naked head, which is the image of Roman Liberty; the other having her head covered with a veil, and adorned with a diadem, is the effigy of the goddess of liberty, whose temple was on Mount Aventine. The veil is in this case the token of divinity, as indeed the diadem is the ornament of a goddess. Liberty is represented not only on consular medals, but also with considerable frequency on those of the imperial series. Goddesses named for and representing the concept Liberty have existed in many cultures, including classical examples dating from the Roman Empire and some national symbols such as the British ” Britannia ” or the Irish ” Kathleen Ni Houlihan “. The ancient Roman goddess Libertas was honored during the second Punic War by a temple erected on the Aventine Hill in Rome by the father of Tiberius Gracchus. A statue in her honor was also raised by Clodius on the site of Marcus Tullius Cicero’s house after it had been razed. The figure also resembles Sol Invictus, the Roman god of sun. Aulus Vitellius Germanicus , born Aulus Vitellius and commonly known as Vitellius (24 September or 7 September and according to Suetonius, 12 September or 15 September 15 22 December 69), was the eighth Roman Emperor , who reigned from 16 April 69 to 22 December of the same year. Vitellius acceded to this position following the quick succession of the previous emperors Galba and Otho , in a year of civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Vitellius was the first to add the honorific cognomen Germanicus to his name instead of Caesar upon his accession; the latter name had fallen into disrepute in many quarters because of the actions of Nero. His claim to the throne was soon challenged by legions stationed in the Eastern provinces, who proclaimed their commander Vespasian emperor in his place. War ensued, leading to a crushing defeat for Vitellius at the Second Battle of Bedriacum. When he realised his support was wavering, Vitellius prepared to abdicate in favour of Vespasian, but was executed in Rome by Flavian forces on December 22 of 69. The item “VITELLIUS 69AD Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome NGC VF i58227″ is in sale since Wednesday, January 11, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Ruler: Vitellius
  • Composition: Silver
  • Certification: NGC
  • Denomination: Denarius
  • Grade: Ch VF
  • Certification Number: 4375810-009

Sep 6 2017

Ancient Coin Israel Silver Shekel 69AD +/- Omer Cup & Pomegranate Municipal Coin

Ancient Coin Israel Silver Shekel 69AD +/- Omer Cup & Pomegranate Municipal Coin

Ancient Coin Israel Silver Shekel 69AD +/- Omer Cup & Pomegranate Municipal Coin

Ancient Coin Israel Silver Shekel 69AD +/- Omer Cup & Pomegranate Municipal Coin

Ancient Coin Israel Silver Shekel 69AD +/- Omer Cup & Pomegranate Municipal Coin

Ancient Coin Israel Silver Shekel 69AD +/- Omer Cup & Pomegranate Municipal Coin

Ancient Coin Israel Silver Shekel 69AD +/- Omer Cup & Pomegranate Municipal Coin

Ancient Coin Israel Silver Shekel 69AD +/- Omer Cup & Pomegranate Municipal Coin

Ancient Coin Israel Silver Shekel 69AD +/- Omer Cup & Pomegranate Municipal Coin

We are housing & trading for Levy; Claude Moore Col. Read below about some of the collection & policy California Chicago New York Texas Dubai. Bermuda London, Sergio read. Some heirlooms were named by a relative at some point & labeled as such ie: Michael, Jack, Eve, John Jesus Anton Charlotte Adam Bruce Ben Benny Benjamin Marcus Mary Cleo Chester Mr. Chan Peter Patrick Patricia Philip (some ancestors were crazy). We’ve had some issues, Pardon the tone, You may not trade for the item pictured if you are unfamiliar with it. The title here may have a slight error, We deal with religious fanatics who do not like us (we are religious). We deal with angry historians / hobby mavens who have strong firm opinions, & periodically cause trouble. We deal with individuals, families & organizations who wish to harm our ability to trade the collection. We are reasonable & fair though radical-groups with international ties hate us because we are Jewish. Don’t want to. Appointment and conduct security for even our smaller trades. Warm homes only is the job; everyone happy is the job; Only on E-bay Please. People see errors in our listings and wish to start trouble / steal from the collections. If you feel something may not be to your liking here, Walk Away, & do not play games.. We can contact you and yours. To resolve issues, we are available day & night. We follow all e-bay rules and policies without exception. Get Blessed Holding History w/ Noah’s Ark, the blessing is real. General Information about the the heirlooms / we are trading (coins). Birds Fish & 300 Horses depicted on countless precious heirlooms. Athena Alexander the Great – Zeus Apollo,, Nero the Super hero she’d say; (100 Omer Cups relic solid silver, copper, silver-plated, unknowns, labeled 69 AD 70 AD & even 80 AD ++ so be careful with those old books); Sicily Greece India Africa among the best of the best global. 100 bee stags big & small, GoatManFace Beggars-Strikes MermaidMan a dozen turtles / HorseWithWings Corinthia dozens YEAH! Ancient Owls / HUGE coins, some older 555BC 555AD 1981 & some newer, Caesar Syracuse Alligator Crabs Denarius Didrachm Yen a dozen Elephants, let’s get rolling w/ < 1500 unknowns Circulated Damaged; TAKE NEXT-WATCH god bless you & yours praise Jesus, Shalom & Love Allah Moses Zeus Tangaroa Halleluja The Sunshine... Newer Heirlooms were likely Grandfathers the first male not to follow in rabbinical studies (the outcast) he may have bought it on a European Cruise or Chicago/Vegas Trade Show in the 1950's. We may have bought it at a garage sale and blessed it; great grandfather loved "genuine authentic patina weight books history"; grandfather loved the depictions & unusual; & it's all in Noah's Ark along with another NYC Family's heirlooms. / & now another with nearly 200 silver relic heirlooms (& a great grandfather too). We are honored & this is a little fun. Heirlooms may be silver, gold, copper, a rock, token brass silver-plated, tin, clay, pewter bronze nickel; the heirloom may be newer rather than older or made of iron; SO,, we take many photos (we don't know what it is for certain & we do not like that), We are not testing the compounds in each relic heirloom most of which were labeled; though some mislabeled, miscellaneous, mixed-up, illegible hand-written labels in Latin Chinese Hebrew Spanish; we speak English, (great-grandfather spoke nine languages as did his dad) We Authenticate Everything & we are not super seasoned professionals; have no concerns, they were avid collectors & we have a good eye, when sober ;- a joke - a little bit. In any event: History, Content, & Trade Value Are Unknown for all heirlooms we are trading, OK ; in the event you do not digest easily, it's OK, understood & much respected -- please shop elsewhere / ok, More You Are Trading For Our Blessing, & it's real, the item / items pictured merely deliver it to you. The dates are a Circus, we don't know. It's not our hobby but have too have read books written when Earth was flat amen We are level-headed ish, fair friendly & serious; we are not open to hobby-talk terminology. As a kid Grandfather shared stories told to him, of Kings Rabbis, the Church & the poverty-level people; coins given to the people to trade back to the temple to be closer to god, (Beggars Strike) distributed to the poor, poor trading with different trade than others; this was an ancient congregation of Levy Family Decedents - stories include religious institutions minting coins, minting during decades-long travels (cities relocating with no notice, war). " we don't have the answers to your questions " /. Please know your stuff if it's important to you only Global Climate is. To us" / " we do not need to trade & you do not need to trade " / " Grandpa Always Intended On. A Coin Store Near Manhattan, He Never Followed Through " / "The Fine's &. Are two different families in NYC" / Everything Is Always Unknown". Many have been fortunate with heirlooms and later feel bad, don't feel bad, it's ok, (ancestors collected throughout their lives you're blessed, everything good) & a few want to punch us in the face, not too many though. All Business on E-Bay. We are moving heirlooms - not floating them a year or two - hence the value for mavens to add to their collection with us - fun stuff too. The item "Ancient Coin Israel Silver Shekel 69AD +/- Omer Cup & Pomegranate Municipal Coin" is in sale since Monday, September 04, 2017. This item is in the category "Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)". The seller is "noahs_ark_usa" and is located in New York, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Ruler: God
  • Grade: Ungraded – is nice – is best
  • Cleaned/Uncleaned: Cleaned
  • Date: 72 AD
  • Composition: Silver
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Israel
  • Provenance: Ownership History Available
  • Denomination: Shekel
  • Certification Number: Noah & Others Say Municipal Trade Coin Solid Relic
  • Certification: Noah Emma Fran
  • Material: Silver & Other – The Most Solid Coin

Jul 17 2017

OTHO 69AD very rare Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome NGC i62695

OTHO 69AD very rare Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome NGC i62695

OTHO 69AD very rare Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome NGC i62695

OTHO 69AD very rare Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome NGC i62695

OTHO 69AD very rare Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome NGC i62695

Item: i62695 Authentic Ancient Coin of. Silver Denarius 18mm (3.21 grams) Rome mint: January – mid April 69 A. Reference: C 17; BMC 18; RIC 8; CBN 10 Certification: NGC Ancients. VF Strike: 4/5 Surface: 3/5 1884249-019 IMP OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, Bare head right. SECVRITAS P R, Securitas draped and standing left, holding wreath and scepter. Otho (Latin: Marcus Salvius Otho Caesar Augustus ; 28 April 32 – 16 April 69) was Roman Emperor for three months, from 15 January to 16 April 69. He was the second emperor of the Year of the Four Emperors. Otho belonged to an ancient and noble Etruscan family, descended from the princes of Etruria and settled at Ferentinum (currently Ferento, near Viterbo) in Etruria. The future Emperor appears first as one of the most reckless and extravagant of the young nobles who surrounded Neroo. This friendship was brought to an end in 58 AD because of his wife, the noblewoman Poppaea Sabina. Otho introduced his beautiful wife to the Emperor upon Poppaea’s insistence, who then began an affair that would eventually lead to her premature death. After securely establishing this position as his mistress, she divorced Otho and had the Emperor send him away as governor to the remote province of Lusitania (which is now parts of both modern Portugal and Extremadura, Spain). Otho remained in Lusitania for the next ten years, administering the province with a moderation unusual at the time. When in 68 AD his neighbor the future Emperor Galba, the governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, rose in revolt against Nero, Otho accompanied him to Rome. Resentment at the treatment he had received from Nero may have impelled him to this course, but to this motive was added before long that of personal ambition. Galba was childless and far advanced in years, and Otho, encouraged by the predictions of astrologers, aspired to succeed him. However, in January 69 AD, his hopes were dashed by Galba’s formal adoption of Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus, whom Galba had previously named a recipient in his will. Overthrow of Emperor Galba. After this, Otho decided to strike a bold blow. On the morning of 15 January, only five days after Galba adopted Piso, Otho attended as usual to pay his respects to Galba, and then hastily excused himself on account of private business and hurried from the Palatine Hill to meet his accomplices. He was then escorted to the Praetorian camp, where, after a few moments of surprise and indecision, he was saluted as Imperator. The cohort that was on duty at the Palatine, which had accompanied the Emperor, instantly deserted him. Galba, his newly adopted son Piso and others were brutally murdered by the Praetorians. Otho had owed his own success to the resentment felt by the Praetorian guards and the rest of the army at Galba’s refusal to pay the promised gold to the ones who supported his accession to the throne. The population of the city was also unhappy with Galba and cherished the memory of Nero. Otho’s first acts as Emperor showed that he was not unmindful of these facts. He accepted, or appeared to accept, the cognomen of Nero conferred upon him by the shouts of the populace, whom his comparative youth and the effeminacy of his appearance reminded of their lost favourite. Nero’s statues were again set up, his freedmen and household officers reinstalled (including the young castrated boy Sporus whom Nero had taken in marriage and Otho would also live intimately with), and the intended completion of the Golden House announced. At the same time the fears of the more sober and respectable citizens were allayed by Otho’s liberal professions of his intention to govern equitably, and by his judicious clemency towards Marius Celsus, consul-designate, a devoted adherent of Galba. Otho soon realized that it was much easier to overthrow an Emperor than rule as one: according to Suetonius Otho once remarked that “Playing the Long Pipes is hardly my trade” i. Undertaking something beyond one’s ability to do so. Otho by Robert Van Voerst after Titian. Any further development of Otho’s policy was checked once Otho had read through Galba’s private correspondence and realized the extent of the revolution in Germany, where several legions had declared for Vitellius, the commander of the legions on the lower Rhine River, and were already advancing upon Italy. After a vain attempt to conciliate Vitellius by the offer of a share in the Empire, Otho, with unexpected vigor, prepared for war. From the much more remote provinces, which had acquiesced in his accession, little help was to be expected; but the legions of Dalmatia, Pannonia and Moesia were eager in his cause, the Praetorian cohorts were in themselves a formidable force and an efficient fleet gave him the mastery of the Italian seas. The fleet was at once dispatched to secure Liguria, and on 14 March Otho, undismayed by omens and prophecies, started northwards at the head of his troops in the hopes of preventing the entry of Vitellius’ troops into Italy. But for this he was too late, and all that could be done was to throw troops into Placentia and hold the line of the Po. Otho’s advanced guard successfully defended Placentia against Aulus Caecina Alienus, and compelled that general to fall back on Cremona. But the arrival of Fabius Valens altered the aspect of affairs. Vitellius’ commanders now resolved to bring on a decisive battle, the Battle of Bedriacum, and their designs were assisted by the divided and irresolute counsels which prevailed in Otho’s camp. The more experienced officers urged the importance of avoiding a battle, until at least the legions from Dalmatia had arrived. But the rashness of the Emperor’s brother Titianus and of Proculus, prefect of the Praetorian Guards, added to Otho’s feverish impatience, overruled all opposition, and an immediate advance was decided upon. Otho himself remained behind with a considerable reserve force at Brixellum, on the southern bank of the Po. When this decision was taken, Otho’s army had already crossed the Po and were encamped at Bedriacum (or Betriacum), a small village on the Via Postumia , and on the route by which the legions from Dalmatia would naturally arrive. Leaving a strong detachment to hold the camp at Bedriacum, the Othonian forces advanced along the Via Postumia in the direction of Cremona. At a short distance from that city they unexpectedly encountered the Vitellian troops. The Othonians, though taken at a disadvantage, fought desperately, but were finally forced to fall back in disorder upon their camp at Bedriacum. There on the next day the victorious Vitellians followed them, but only to come to terms at once with their disheartened enemy, and to be welcomed into the camp as friends. More unexpected still was the effect produced at Brixellum by the news of the battle. Otho was still in command of a formidable force: the Dalmatian legions had already reached Aquileia and the spirit of his soldiers and their officers was unbroken. But he was resolved to accept the verdict of the battle that his own impatience had hastened. In a dignified speech he bade farewell to those about him, declaring: “It is far more just to perish one for all, than many for one”, and then retiring to rest soundly for some hours. Early in the morning he stabbed himself in the heart with a dagger, which he had concealed under his pillow, and died as his attendants entered the tent. Otho’s ashes were placed within a modest monument. He had reigned only three months. His funeral was celebrated at once, as he had wished. A plain tomb was erected in his honour at Brixellum, with the simple inscription Diis Manibus Marci Othonis. It has been thought that Otho’s suicide was committed in order to steer his country from the path to civil war. Just as he had come to power, many Romans learned to respect Otho in his death. Few could believe that a renowned former companion of Nero had chosen such an honourable end. Tacitus wrote that some of the soldiers committed suicide beside his funeral pyre because they loved their emperor and wished to share his glory. Writing during the reign of the Emperor Domitian (AD 81-96), the Roman poet Martial expressed his admiration for Otho’s choice to spare the Empire from civil war through sacrificing himself. Although the goddess of civil warfare was still in doubt, And soft Otho had perhaps still a chance of winning, He renounced fighting that would have cost much blood, And with sure hand pierced right through his breast. By all means let Cato in his life be greater than Julius Caesar himself; In his death was he greater than Otho? Suetonius, in The Lives of the Caesars , comments on Otho’s appearance and personal hygiene. He is said to have been of moderate height, splay-footed and bandy-legged, but almost feminine in his care of his person. He had the hair of his body plucked out, and because of the thinness of his locks wore a wig so carefully fashioned and fitted to his head, that no one suspected it. Moreover, they say that he used to shave every day and smear his face with moist bread, beginning the practice with the appearance of the first down, so as never to have a beard. Juvenal, in a passage in the Satire II dealing with homosexuality, specifically mentions Otho as being vain, looking at himself in the mirror prior to going into battle, and “plaster[ing] his face with dough” in order to look good. World-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine, world coins & more. Ilya Zlobin is an independent individual who has a passion for coin collecting, research and understanding the importance of the historical context and significance all coins and objects represent. Send me a message about this and I can update your invoice should you want this method. Getting your order to you, quickly and securely is a top priority and is taken seriously here. Great care is taken in packaging and mailing every item securely and quickly. What is a certificate of authenticity and what guarantees do you give that the item is authentic? You will be very happy with what you get with the COA; a professional presentation of the coin, with all of the relevant information and a picture of the coin you saw in the listing. Additionally, the coin is inside it’s own protective coin flip (holder), with a 2×2 inch description of the coin matching the individual number on the COA. Whether your goal is to collect or give the item as a gift, coins presented like this could be more prized and valued higher than items that were not given such care and attention to. When should I leave feedback? Please don’t leave any negative feedbacks, as it happens sometimes that people rush to leave feedback before letting sufficient time for their order to arrive. The matter of fact is that any issues can be resolved, as reputation is most important to me. My goal is to provide superior products and quality of service. How and where do I learn more about collecting ancient coins? Visit the “Guide on How to Use My Store”. For on an overview about using my store, with additional information and links to all other parts of my store which may include educational information on topics you are looking for. The item “OTHO 69AD very rare Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Denarius Coin Rome NGC i62695″ is in sale since Sunday, July 16, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Ruler: Otho
  • Denomination: Denarius
  • Certification: NGC
  • Coin Type: Ancient Roman
  • Certification Number: 1884249-019
  • Grade: VF
  • Composition: Silver

Jul 15 2017

Ancient Israel 1/2 Shekel Silver Coin from 69AD / Unusual Damage on this Relic

Ancient Israel 1/2 Shekel Silver Coin from 69AD / Unusual Damage on this Relic

Ancient Israel 1/2 Shekel Silver Coin from 69AD / Unusual Damage on this Relic

Ancient Israel 1/2 Shekel Silver Coin from 69AD / Unusual Damage on this Relic

Ancient Israel 1/2 Shekel Silver Coin from 69AD / Unusual Damage on this Relic

Ancient Israel 1/2 Shekel Silver Coin from 69AD / Unusual Damage on this Relic

Ancient Israel 1/2 Shekel Silver Coin from 69AD / Unusual Damage on this Relic

Read below about some of the collection and our policy. Our guarantee: the item pictured is not a potato. Just kidding – a little bit — lightening the mood for your read O:. Some heirlooms were named by a relative / owner at some point & labeled ie: Michael, Jack, Eve, John Jesus Anton Charlotte Adam Bruce Ben Benny Benjamin Philip (some ancestors were crazy). We’ve had some issues, Pardon the tone, You may not trade for the heirloom pictured if you are unfamiliar with it. The title here has errors, see all photos. If you need more, ask. We deal with religious fanatics who do not like us (we are religious). We deal with angry historians & hobby mavens whom have strong opinions and angry. We deal with individuals, families & organizations who wish to harm us & our ability to trade the collection global. People see errors in our listings and wish to start trouble / steal from the collection; we are high security military grade & serious, If you feel something may not be to your liking here, Walk Away, & do not play games. We are strong reasonable & fair. Radical groups with international ties hate us because we are Jewish. General Information about the the heirlooms / we are trading (coins). As a kid Grandfather shared stories told to him, of Kings Rabbis, the Church & the poverty-level people; coins given to the people to trade back to the temple to be closer to god & for food, clothes in the markets; distributed to the poor, poor trading with different trade than others; this was an ancient congregation of Levy Family Decedents – stories include religious institutions minting coins, minting during decades-long travels (entire cities moving after war, with no notice). ” They had Synagogues then, great grandfather a Rabbi; his great grandfather a Rabbi; the male bloodline Long time collected relics meteorites coins mezuzahs pointers torahs bibles scrolls gems paintings “. Birds Fish Horses depicted on countless precious heirlooms. Athena Alexander the Great Bee Stag Zeus Apollo Nero the Super hero she’d say; (Omer Cups relic solid silver, copper, silver-plated, unknowns, labeled 69 AD 70 AD & even 80 AD so be careful with those old books); Sicily Greece India Africa among the best of the best global. GoatManFace MermaidMan HorseWithWings Corinthia YEAH! Owls tiny coins large coins, some newer, some older, unknowns, Caesar Syracuse a hundred of them. Many coins were in Turkey a century ago with great grandfather, buckle your seat belts coin mavens, we don’t need to take our medication. All are special blessed.. Heirlooms may be silver, gold, copper, a rock, a token, brass tin, silver plated, clay pewter, bronze nickel; the heirloom may be newer rather than older; SO, we take many photos (we don’t know what it is for certain & we do not like that), we’ve kept near everyone happy who is reasonable. We are not testing the compounds in each relic heirloom most of which were labeled; though some mislabeled, miscellaneous, mixed-up, illegible hand-written labels in Latin Chinese Hebrew Spanish; we speak English, (great-grandfather spoke nine languages and so did his father, both were Rabbi’s, collectors, loved Relic Coin Mavens). We authenticate everything & we are not seasoned professionals, YIKES! In any event: History, Content, & Trade Value Are Unknown for all heirlooms we are trading, OK’ in the event you do not digest that very well, it’s OK, understood & respected — please shop elsewhere/ OK, more,, More,, you are trading for the blessing, it’s real, the item pictured merely deliver it. The dates are a Circus, we have proof… We have read books written when Planet Earth was flat, good reads….. We are level-headed ish, fair friendly & serious. ” we trade for other Families too ” / ” we don’t have the answers to your questions ” /. ” please know your stuff if it’s important to you ” Global Climate is. To us O:. Many have been fortunate with heirlooms and later feel bad, don’t feel bad, it’s ok, a Touch of Luck, (ancestors collected throughout their lives, & you’re blessed). All Business on E-Bay. Claude Moore Colonial Farm.. The item “Ancient Israel 1/2 Shekel Silver Coin from 69AD / Unusual Damage on this Relic” is in sale since Sunday, July 09, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “noahs_ark_usa” and is located in New York, New York. This item can be shipped to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Portugal, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, Indonesia, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Poland, Spain, Germany, Austria, Singapore, Norway, Croatia, Malaysia, Chile, Colombia, Costa rica, Panama, Trinidad and tobago, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica.
  • Provenance: Ownership History Available
  • Certification: Emma & Noah
  • Grade: Very Nice – unexplainable damage / Authentic
  • Date: Circus 69 AD
  • Certification Number: 101 Noah ” I don’t KNow “
  • Cleaned/Uncleaned: Damage is unexplainable, its silver
  • Denomination: .5 Shekel Israel ” Labeled Authentic “
  • Ruler: God
  • Composition: Silver
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Israel

Jun 18 2017

VITELLIUS 69AD NGC Certified Ch XF Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin Raven

VITELLIUS 69AD NGC Certified Ch XF Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin Raven

VITELLIUS 69AD NGC Certified Ch XF Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin Raven

VITELLIUS 69AD NGC Certified Ch XF Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin Raven

VITELLIUS 69AD NGC Certified Ch XF Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin Raven

Vitellius – Roman Emperor: 69 A. Silver Denarius 18.5mm, 3.29 gm. Rome, July – December 69 A. Reference: RIC 109; RCV 2201; BMC 39. A VITELLIVS GERM IMP, laureate head facing right. XV VIR SACR FAC, tripod-lebes surmounted by dolphin right; below, raven standing right. NGC Certified : Choice XF, Fine Style, 4/5, 4/5. Provided with certificate of authenticity. CERTIFIED AUTHENTIC by Sergey Nechayev, PhD – Numismatic Expert. Aulus Vitellius Germanicus , born Aulus Vitellius and commonly. Known as Vitellius (24 September or 7 September and according to Suetonius, 12 September or 15 September 15 22 December 69), was the eighth Roman Emperor. Who reigned from 16 April 69 to 22 December of the same year. Vitellius acceded to this position following the quick succession of the previous emperors Galba. In a year of civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Vitellius was the first to add the honorific cognomen. Germanicus to his name instead of Caesar upon his accession; the latter name had fallen into disrepute in many quarters because of the actions of Nero. His claim to the throne was soon challenged by legions stationed in the Eastern provinces, who proclaimed their commander Vespasian. Emperor in his place. War ensued, leading to a crushing defeat for Vitellius at the Second Battle of Bedriacum. When he realised his support was wavering, Vitellius prepared to abdicate in favour of Vespasian, but was executed in Rome by Flavian forces on December 22 of 69. He was the son of Lucius Vitellius Veteris. And his wife Sextilia. And had one brother, Claudius Vitellius the Younger. Recorded two different accounts of the origins of the Vitellius (gens). One making them descendants of past rulers of Latium. The other describing them as of lowly origins; Suetonius makes the sensible remark that both accounts might have been made by either flatterers or enemies of Vitellius — except that both were in circulation before Vitellius became emperor. Suetonius also recorded that when Vitellius was born his horoscope so horrified his parents that his father tried to prevent Aulus from becoming a consul. He married firstly before the year 40 Petronia, daughter of Publius or Gaius Petronius Pontius Nigrinus, by whom he had a son Aulus Vitellius Petronianus, the universal heir of his mother and grandfather. He married secondly circa 50 Galeria Fundana. Ca 40 – aft. 69, perhaps the granddaughter of Gaius Galerius ca 15 BC – aft. They had two children, a son called Germanicus and an unnamed daughter b. Settipani and Birley have suggested that this daughter married Decimus Rupilius Libo Frugi. Political and military career. In 48, and assumed Proconsul. In either 60 or 61, in which capacity he is said to have acquitted himself with credit. At the end of 68 Galba. To the general astonishment, selected him to command the army of Germania Inferior. And here Vitellius made himself popular with his subalterns and with the soldiers by outrageous prodigality and excessive good nature, which soon proved fatal to order and discipline. He owed his elevation to the throne to Caecina. Commanders of two legions on the Rhine. Through these two men a military revolution was speedily accomplished; they refused to renew their vows of allegiance to Emperor Galba. On 1 January 69, and early in 69 Vitellis was proclaimed emperor at Cologne. More accurately, he was proclaimed emperor of the armies of Germania Inferior and Superior. The armies of Gaul, Brittania and Raetia sided with them shortly afterwards. By the time that they marched on Rome, however, it was Otho. And not Galba, whom they had to confront. In fact, he was never acknowledged as emperor by the entire Roman world, though at Rome the Senate. Accepted him and decreed to him the usual imperial honours. He advanced into Italy at the head of a licentious and rough soldiery, and Rome became the scene of riot and massacre, gladiatorial shows and extravagant feasting. To reward his victorious legionaries, Vitellius disbanded the existing Praetorian Guard and installed his own men instead. Whose father had fought for Otho. Gives an unfavourable account of Vitellius’ brief administration: he describes him as unambitious and notes that Vitellius showed indications of a desire to govern wisely, but that Valens and Caecina encouraged him in a course of vicious excesses which threw his better qualities into the background. Vitellius is described as lazy and self-indulgent, fond of eating and drinking, and an obese glutton, eating banquets four times a day and feasting on rare foods he would send the Roman navy to procure. For these banquets, he had himself invited over to a different noble’s house for each one. He is even reported to have starved his own mother to death — to fulfill a prophecy that he would rule long if his mother died first. Other writers, namely Tacitus. Disagree with some of Suetonius’ assertions, even though their own accounts of Vitellus are scarcely positive ones. Despite his short reign he made two important contributions to Roman government which outlasted him. Describes them both in his Histories. He also expanded the offices of the Imperial Administration beyond the imperial pool of Freedmen allowing those of the Equites. To take up positions in the Imperial Civil service. Vitellius also banned astrologers from Rome and Italy from 1 October, 69. Some astrologers responded to his decree by anonymously publishing a decree of their own: Decreed by all astrologers in blessing on our State Vitellius will be no more on the appointed date. In response, Vitellius executed any astrologers he came across. In July 69, Vitellius learned that the armies of the eastern provinces had proclaimed a rival emperor; their commander, Titus Flavius Vespasianus. As soon as it was known that the armies of the East, Dalmatia. Had declared for Vespasianus, Vitellius, deserted by many of his adherents, would have resigned the title of emperor. It is said that Vitellius awaited Vespasian’s army at Mevania. It was said that the terms of resignation had actually been agreed upon with Marcus Antonius Primus. The commander of the sixth legion serving in Pannonia. And one of Vespasians chief supporters, but the praetorians refused to allow him to carry out the agreement, and forced him to return to the palace, when he was on his way to deposit the insignia of empire in the Temple of Concord. On the entrance of Vespasian’s troops into Rome he was dragged out of some miserable hiding-place (according to Tacitus a door-keeper’s lodge), driven to the fatal Gemonian stairs. And there struck down. His body was thrown into the Tiber according to Suetonius. S account is that Vitellius was beheaded and his head paraded around Rome, and his wife attended to his burial. “Yet I was once your emperor, ” were the last and, as far as we know, the noblest words of Vitellius. His brother and son were also killed. The item “VITELLIUS 69AD NGC Certified Ch XF Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin Raven” is in sale since Thursday, May 12, 2016. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “victoram” and is located in Forest Hills, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Certification: NGC
  • Certification Number: 4371742-011
  • Grade: Choice XF Fine Style, 4/5, 4/5.
  • Ruler: Vitellius
  • Composition: Silver

Apr 25 2017

VITELLIUS 69AD Rome Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin CLASPED HANDS NGC i59931

VITELLIUS 69AD Rome Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin CLASPED HANDS NGC i59931

VITELLIUS 69AD Rome Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin CLASPED HANDS NGC i59931

VITELLIUS 69AD Rome Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin CLASPED HANDS NGC i59931

VITELLIUS 69AD Rome Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin CLASPED HANDS NGC i59931

Authentic Ancient Coin of. Silver Denarius 17mm (3.01 grams) Rome mint, 69 A. Reference: RIC² 67 Certification: NGC Ancients. VG 4375823-358 A VITELLIVS GERMANICVS IMP, Bare head right. FIDES / EXERCITVM above and below clasped hands. Aulus Vitellius Germanicus , born Aulus Vitellius and commonly. Known as Vitellius (24 September or 7 September and according to Suetonius, 12 September or 15 September 15 22 December 69), was the eighth Roman Emperor. Who reigned from 16 April 69 to 22 December of the same year. Vitellius acceded to this position following the quick succession of the previous emperors Galba. In a year of civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Vitellius was the first to add the honorific cognomen. Germanicus to his name instead of Caesar upon his accession; the latter name had fallen into disrepute in many quarters because of the actions of Nero. His claim to the throne was soon challenged by legions stationed in the Eastern provinces, who proclaimed their commander Vespasian. Emperor in his place. War ensued, leading to a crushing defeat for Vitellius at the Second Battle of Bedriacum. When he realised his support was wavering, Vitellius prepared to abdicate in favour of Vespasian, but was executed in Rome by Flavian forces on December 22 of 69. He was the son of Lucius Vitellius Veteris. And his wife Sextilia. And had one brother, Claudius Vitellius the Younger. Recorded two different accounts of the origins of the Vitellius (gens). One making them descendants of past rulers of Latium. The other describing them as of lowly origins; Suetonius makes the sensible remark that both accounts might have been made by either flatterers or enemies of Vitellius — except that both were in circulation before Vitellius became emperor. Suetonius also recorded that when Vitellius was born his horoscope so horrified his parents that his father tried to prevent Aulus from becoming a consul. He married firstly before the year 40 Petronia, daughter of Publius or Gaius Petronius Pontius Nigrinus, by whom he had a son Aulus Vitellius Petronianus, the universal heir of his mother and grandfather. He married secondly circa 50 Galeria Fundana. Ca 40 – aft. 69, perhaps the granddaughter of Gaius Galerius ca 15 BC – aft. They had two children, a son called Germanicus and an unnamed daughter b. Settipani and Birley have suggested that this daughter married Decimus Rupilius Libo Frugi. Political and military career. In 48, and assumed Proconsul. In either 60 or 61, in which capacity he is said to have acquitted himself with credit. At the end of 68 Galba. To the general astonishment, selected him to command the army of Germania Inferior. And here Vitellius made himself popular with his subalterns and with the soldiers by outrageous prodigality and excessive good nature, which soon proved fatal to order and discipline. He owed his elevation to the throne to Caecina. Commanders of two legions on the Rhine. Through these two men a military revolution was speedily accomplished; they refused to renew their vows of allegiance to Emperor Galba. On 1 January 69, and early in 69 Vitellis was proclaimed emperor at Cologne. More accurately, he was proclaimed emperor of the armies of Germania Inferior and Superior. The armies of Gaul, Brittania and Raetia sided with them shortly afterwards. By the time that they marched on Rome, however, it was Otho. And not Galba, whom they had to confront. In fact, he was never acknowledged as emperor by the entire Roman world, though at Rome the Senate. Accepted him and decreed to him the usual imperial honours. He advanced into Italy at the head of a licentious and rough soldiery, and Rome became the scene of riot and massacre, gladiatorial shows and extravagant feasting. To reward his victorious legionaries, Vitellius disbanded the existing Praetorian Guard and installed his own men instead. Whose father had fought for Otho. Gives an unfavourable account of Vitellius’ brief administration: he describes him as unambitious and notes that Vitellius showed indications of a desire to govern wisely, but that Valens and Caecina encouraged him in a course of vicious excesses which threw his better qualities into the background. Vitellius is described as lazy and self-indulgent, fond of eating and drinking, and an obese glutton, eating banquets four times a day and feasting on rare foods he would send the Roman navy to procure. For these banquets, he had himself invited over to a different noble’s house for each one. He is even reported to have starved his own mother to death — to fulfill a prophecy that he would rule long if his mother died first. Other writers, namely Tacitus. Disagree with some of Suetonius’ assertions, even though their own accounts of Vitellus are scarcely positive ones. Despite his short reign he made two important contributions to Roman government which outlasted him. Describes them both in his Histories. He also expanded the offices of the Imperial Administration beyond the imperial pool of Freedmen allowing those of the Equites. To take up positions in the Imperial Civil service. Vitellius also banned astrologers from Rome and Italy from 1 October, 69. Some astrologers responded to his decree by anonymously publishing a decree of their own: Decreed by all astrologers in blessing on our State Vitellius will be no more on the appointed date. In response, Vitellius executed any astrologers he came across. In July 69, Vitellius learned that the armies of the eastern provinces had proclaimed a rival emperor; their commander, Titus Flavius Vespasianus. As soon as it was known that the armies of the East, Dalmatia. Had declared for Vespasianus, Vitellius, deserted by many of his adherents, would have resigned the title of emperor. It is said that Vitellius awaited Vespasian’s army at Mevania. It was said that the terms of resignation had actually been agreed upon with Marcus Antonius Primus. The commander of the sixth legion serving in Pannonia. And one of Vespasians chief supporters, but the praetorians refused to allow him to carry out the agreement, and forced him to return to the palace, when he was on his way to deposit the insignia of empire in the Temple of Concord. On the entrance of Vespasian’s troops into Rome he was dragged out of some miserable hiding-place (according to Tacitus a door-keeper’s lodge), driven to the fatal Gemonian stairs. And there struck down. His body was thrown into the Tiber according to Suetonius. S account is that Vitellius was beheaded and his head paraded around Rome, and his wife attended to his burial. “Yet I was once your emperor, ” were the last and, as far as we know, the noblest words of Vitellius. His brother and son were also killed. World-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine, world coins & more. Ilya Zlobin is an independent individual who has a passion for coin collecting, research and understanding the importance of the historical context and significance all coins and objects represent. Send me a message about this and I can update your invoice should you want this method. Getting your order to you, quickly and securely is a top priority and is taken seriously here. Great care is taken in packaging and mailing every item securely and quickly. What is a certificate of authenticity and what guarantees do you give that the item is authentic? You will be very happy with what you get with the COA; a professional presentation of the coin, with all of the relevant information and a picture of the coin you saw in the listing. Additionally, the coin is inside it’s own protective coin flip (holder), with a 2×2 inch description of the coin matching the individual number on the COA. Whether your goal is to collect or give the item as a gift, coins presented like this could be more prized and valued higher than items that were not given such care and attention to. Is there a number I can call you with questions about my order? When should I leave feedback? Please don’t leave any negative feedbacks, as it happens sometimes that people rush to leave feedback before letting sufficient time for their order to arrive. The matter of fact is that any issues can be resolved, as reputation is most important to me. My goal is to provide superior products and quality of service. How and where do I learn more about collecting ancient coins? Visit the “Guide on How to Use My Store”. For on an overview about using my store, with additional information and links to all other parts of my store which may include educational information on topics you are looking for. You may also want to do a YouTube search for the term “ancient coin collecting” for educational videos on this topic. The item “VITELLIUS 69AD Rome Authentic Ancient Silver Roman Coin CLASPED HANDS NGC i59931″ is in sale since Tuesday, March 07, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Ruler: Vitellius
  • Certification: NGC
  • Composition: Silver
  • Material: Silver
  • Coin Type: Ancient Roman
  • Grade: VG
  • Certification Number: 4375823-358
  • Denomination: Denarius
  • Culture: Roman
  • Type: Denarius

Mar 21 2017

VESPASIAN 69AD JUDAEA CAPTA Jewish War Victory Silver Ancient Roman Coin i58215

VESPASIAN 69AD JUDAEA CAPTA Jewish War Victory Silver Ancient Roman Coin i58215

VESPASIAN 69AD JUDAEA CAPTA Jewish War Victory Silver Ancient Roman Coin i58215

Authentic Ancient Coin of. “Judaea Capta” Silver Denarius 19mm (2.93 grams) Rome mint: 69-70 A. 35; Hendin 759 (3rd Edition); Hendin 1464 (5th Edition) Laureate head of Vespasian right; around IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG. Jewess seated right mourning below right of trophy; in exergue, IVDAEA. Coins (also spelled Judea Capta) were a series of commemorative coins originally issued by the Roman Emperor. To celebrate the capture of Judaea. And the destruction of the Jewish. By his son Titus. During the First Jewish Revolt. There are several variants of the coinage. The reverse of the coins shows a Jewish female (representing Judaea) seated right in an attitude of mourning at the base of a palm tree, with either a captive Jewish male standing right, with his hands bound behind his back, or the standing figure of the victorious emperor, or the goddess Victory, with a trophy of weapons, shields, and helmets to the left. The female figure may reflect the prophecy of Isaiah. 3:8, 25-26: For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen… Thy men shall fall by the sword and thy mighty in the war. And her gates shall lament and mourn, and she being desolate shall sit upon the ground. The Judaea Capta coins were struck for 25 years under Vespasian and his two sons who succeeded him as Emperor – Titus and Domitian. These commemorative coins were issued in bronze, silver and gold by mints in Rome, throughout the Roman Empire. And in Judaea itself. They were issued in every denomination, and at least 48 different types are known. Only bronze’Judaea Capta’ coins were struck in Caesarea. In the defeated Roman province of Judea. These coins are much cruder than the Roman issues, and the inscriptions are in Greek. The designs feature the Goddess Nike. Writing on a shield, Minerva. With a spear, shield, trophy and palm tree, etc. Most such coins were issued during the reign of the Emperor Domitian (81-96 AD). Unusually, a’Judaea Capta’ coin was also minted by the Jewish. The great-grandson of Herod the Great. Brought up in Rome at the court of Claudius. Agrippa was thoroughly Romanised and was a close friend of Titus. Whom he supported throughout the First Jewish Revolt. His bronze coin was minted at Tiberias. And shows a portrait of Titus on the obverse. Inscription”, while the reverse. Depicted the goddess Nike. Advancing right holding a wreath and palm branch over her shoulder, with a star in upper right field and the inscription’ETO – KS BA AGRI-PPA’. A trophy is a reward for a specific achievement, and serves as recognition or evidence of merit. Is an ancient Greek. Monument set up to commemorate a victory over one’s foes. Typically this takes the shape of a tree, sometimes with a pair of arm-like branches (or, in later times, a pair of stakes set crosswise) upon which is hung the armour. Of a defeated and dead foe. The tropaion is then dedicated to a god. In thanksgiving for the victory. A Roman tropaeum from the Dacian Wars. 113 CE, note the tree trunk with arm-like branches. The tropaeum in Rome, on the other hand, would probably not be set up on the battle-site itself, but rather displayed prominently in the city of Rome. Romans were less concerned about impressing foreign powers or military rivals than they were in using military success to further their own political careers. Inside the city, especially during the later years of the Republic. A tropaeum displayed on the battlefield does not win votes, but one brought back and displayed as part of a triumph. Can impress the citizens (who might then vote in future elections in favor of the conqueror) or the nobles (with whom most aristocratic Romans of the Republican period were in a constant struggle for prestige). The symbolism of the tropaeum became so well known that in later eras, Romans began to simply display images of them upon sculpted reliefs see image and Tropaeum Traiani. , to leave a permanent trace of the victory in question rather than the temporary monument of the tropaeum itself. Originally the word trophy, derived from the Latin tropaion. Referred to arms, standards, other property, or human captives and body parts e. Commemorated the military victories of a state, army or individual combatant. In modern warfare trophy taking is discouraged, but this sense of the word is reflected in hunting trophies. And human trophy collecting. Trophies have marked victories since ancient times. The word trophy coined in English in 1550, was derived from the French trophée in 1513, “a prize of war”, from Old French trophee , from Latin trophaeum , monument to victory, variant of tropaeum , which in turn is the latinisation. , the neuter of (tropaios), “of defeat” or “for defeat”, but generally “of a turning” or “of a change”, from (trop), “a turn, a change” and that from the verb (trepo), “to turn, to alter”. In ancient Greece, trophies were made on the battlefields of victorious battles, from captured arms and standards, and were hung upon a tree or a large stake made to resemble a warrior. Often, these ancient trophies were inscribed with a story of the battle and were dedicated to various gods. Trophies made about naval victories sometimes consisted of entire ships (or what remained of them) laid out on the beach. To destroy a trophy was considered a sacrilege. The ancient Romans kept their trophies closer to home. The Romans built magnificent trophies in Rome, including columns and arches atop a foundation. Most of the stone trophies that once adorned huge stone memorials in Rome have been long since stolen. Sole Reign with Titus. As Caesars 71-79 A. Sole Reign (with Titus as Imperator and Domitian as Caesar). Titus Flavius Vespasianus , known in English as Vespasian. AD, was a Roman Emperor. Who reigned from 69 AD until his death in 79 AD. Vespasian was the founder of the short-lived Flavian dynasty. Which ruled the Roman Empire. Between 69 AD and 96 AD He was succeeded by his sons Titus. Vespasian descended from a family of equestrians. Which rose into the senatorial. Rank under the emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Although he attained the standard succession. Of public offices, holding the consulship. In 51, Vespasian became more reputed as a successful military commander, partaking in the Roman invasion of Britain. In 43, and subjugating the Judaea province. During the Jewish rebellion. While Vespasian was preparing to besiege the city of Jerusalem. During the latter campaign, emperor Nero. Committed suicide, plunging the Roman Empire into a year of civil war. Known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Perished in quick succession, Vitellius. Became emperor in mid 69. In response, the armies in Egypt. And Judaea themselves declared Vespasian emperor on July 1. The governor of Syria. Who led the Flavian forces against Vitellius, while Vespasian himself gained control over Egypt. Vitellius was defeated, and the following day, Vespasian was declared emperor by the Roman Senate. Little factual information survives about Vespasian’s government during the ten years he was emperor. His reign is best known for financial reforms following the demise of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, the successful campaign against Judaea, and several ambitious construction projects such as the Colosseum. Upon his death on. He was succeeded by his eldest son Titus. Family and early career. Vespasian was born in Falacrina. His father, Titus Flavius Sabinus. Official in the province of Asia. Where Vespasian lived for some time. His mother, Vespasia Polla. Was the sister of a Senator. After prompting from his mother, Vespasian followed his older brother, also called Titus Flavius Sabinus. He served in the army as a military tribune. The following year he was elected quaestor. And served in Crete. He rose through the ranks of Roman public office, being elected aedile. On his second attempt in 39 and praetor. On his first attempt in 40, taking the opportunity to ingratiate himself with the Emperor Caligula. In the meantime, he married Domitilla the Elder. The daughter of an equestrian from Ferentium. They had two sons, Titus Flavius Vespasianus. 41 and Titus Flavius Domitianus. 51, and a daughter, Domitilla. Domitilla died before Vespasian became emperor. Thereafter his mistress, Caenis. Was his wife in all but name until she died in 74. Upon the accession of Claudius. As emperor in 41, Vespasian was appointed legate. Of Legio II Augusta. Thanks to the influence of the Imperial freedman. In 43, Vespasian and the II Augusta participated in the Roman invasion of Britain. And he distinguished himself under the overall command of Aulus Plautius. After participating in crucial early battles on the rivers Medway. He was sent to reduce the south west, penetrating through the modern counties of Hampshire. With the probable objectives of securing the south coast ports and harbours along with the tin mines of Cornwall and the silver and lead mines of Somerset. Vespasian marched from Noviomagus Reginorum. To subdue the hostile Durotriges. Captured twenty oppida towns, or more probably hill forts. He also invaded Vectis. The Isle of Wight. , finally setting up a fortress and legionary headquarters at Isca Dumnoniorum. These successes earned him triumphal regalia (ornamenta triumphalia) on his return to Rome. Vespasian was elected consul. For the last two months of 51, after which he withdrew from public life. He came out of retirement in 63 when he was sent as governor to Africa Province. 97, his rule was “infamous and odious” but according to Suetonius. 4, he was “upright and, highly honourable”. On one occasion he was pelted with turnips. Vespasian used his time in North Africa wisely. Corruption was so rife, that it was almost expected that a governor would come back from these appointments with his pockets full. During his time in North Africa, he found himself in financial difficulties and was forced to mortgage his estates to his brother. To revive his fortunes he turned to the mule. Trade and gained the nickname mulio (mule-driver). Returning from Africa, Vespasian toured Greece. S retinue, but lost Imperial favour after paying insufficient attention (some sources suggest he fell asleep) during one of the Emperor’s recitals on the lyre. And found himself in the political wilderness. However, in 66, Vespasian was appointed to conduct the war. A revolt there had killed the previous governor and routed Licinius Mucianus. When he tried to restore order. Two legions, with eight cavalry squadrons and 10 auxiliary cohorts, were therefore dispatched under the command of Vespasian to add to the one already there. His elder son, Titus, served on his staff. During this time he became the patron of Flavius Josephus. Resistance leader turned Roman agent who would go on to write his people’s history in Greek. In the end, thousands of Jews were killed and many towns destroyed by the Romans, who successfully re-established control over Judea. They took Jerusalem in 70. He is remembered by Jews as a fair and humane official, in contrast to the notorious Herod the Great. Wrote that after the Roman Legio X Fretensis. Accompanied by Vespasian destroyed Jericho on. He took a group of Jews who could not swim possibly Essenes. , fettered them, and threw them into the Dead Sea. To test its legendary buoyancy. Sure enough, the Jews shot back up after being thrown in from boats and floated calmly on top of the sea. Year of Four Emperors. Main article: Year of the Four Emperors. Map of the Roman Empire during the Year of the Four Emperors. Blue areas indicate provinces loyal to Vespasian and Gaius Licinius Mucianus. After the death of Nero in 68, Rome saw a succession of short-lived emperors and a year of civil wars. Was murdered by Otho. Who was defeated by Vitellius. Otho’s supporters, looking for another candidate to support, settled on Vespasian. According to Suetonius, a prophecy ubiquitous in the Eastern provinces claimed that from Judaea would come the future rulers of the world. Vespasian eventually believed that this prophecy applied to him, and found a number of omens. That reinforced this belief. He also found encouragement in Mucianus, the governor of Syria; and, although Vespasian was a strict disciplinarian and reformer of abuses, Vespasian’s soldiers were thoroughly devoted to him. All eyes in the East were now upon him. Mucianus and the Syrian legions were eager to support him. While he was at Caesarea. He was proclaimed emperor. , first by the army in Egypt. Under Tiberius Julius Alexander. And then by his troops in Judaea (July 11 according to Suetonius, July 3 according to Tacitus). The occupant of the throne, had Rome’s best troops on his side the veteran legions of Gaul. But the feeling in Vespasian’s favour quickly gathered strength, and the armies of Moesia. Soon declared for him, and made him the de facto master of half of the Roman world. While Vespasian himself was in Egypt securing its grain supply. His troops entered Italy from the northeast under the leadership of M. They defeated Vitellius’s army which had awaited him in Mevania. (or Betriacum), sacked Cremona. And advanced on Rome. They entered Rome after furious fighting. In the resulting confusion, the Capitol was destroyed by fire and Vespasian’s brother Sabinus was killed by a mob. On receiving the tidings of his rival’s defeat and death at Alexandria. The new emperor at once forwarded supplies of urgently needed grain to Rome, along with an edict or a declaration of policy, in which he gave assurance of an entire reversal of the laws of Nero, especially those relating to treason. While in Egypt he visited the Temple of Serapis. Where reportedly he experienced a vision. Later he was confronted by two labourers who were convinced that he possessed a divine power that could work miracles. Aftermath of the civil war. Bust of Vespasian, Pushkin Museum. Vespasian was declared emperor by the Senate while he was in Egypt in December of 69 (the Egyptians had declared him emperor in June of 69). In the short-term, administration of the empire was given to Mucianus. Who was aided by Vespasian’s son, Domitian. By his own example of simplicity of life he caused something of a scandal when it was made known he took his own boots off he initiated a marked improvement in the general tone of society in many respects. In early 70, Vespasian was still in Egypt, the source of Rome’s grain supply, and had not yet left for Rome. His trip was delayed due to bad weather. Modern historians theorize that Vespasian had been and was continuing to consolidate support from the Egyptians before departing. Stories of a divine Vespasian healing people circulated in Egypt. In addition to the uprising in Egypt, unrest and civil war continued in the rest of the empire in 70. In Judea, rebellion had continued from 66. Vespasian’s son, Titus. Finally subdued the rebellion with the capture of Jerusalem and destruction of the Jewish Temple. Vespasian then ordered all descendants of the royal line of David. To be hunted down, causing the Jews to be persecuted from province to province. Several modern historians have suggested that Vespasian, already having been told by Josephus that he was prophesied to become emperor whilst in Judaea, was probably reacting to other widely-known Messianic prophecies circulating at the time, to suppress any rival claimants arising from that dynasty. In January of the same year, an uprising occurred in Gaul. And Germany, known as the second Batavian Rebellion. This rebellion was headed by Gaius Julius Civilis. Sabinus, claiming he was descended from Julius Caesar. Declared himself emperor of Gaul. The rebellion defeated and absorbed two Roman legions before it was suppressed by Vespasian’s brother-in-law, Quintus Petillius Cerialis. By the end of 70. Arrival in Rome and gathering support. In mid-70, Vespasian first came to Rome. Vespasian immediately embarked on a series of efforts to stay in power and prevent future revolts. He offered gifts to many in the military and much of the public. Soldiers loyal to Vitellius were dismissed or punished. He also restructured the Senatorial and Equestrian orders, removing his enemies and adding his allies. Regional autonomy of Greek provinces was repealed. Additionally, he made significant attempts to control public perception of his rule. Many modern historians note the increased amount of propaganda that appeared during Vespasian’s reign. Stories of a supernatural emperor who was destined to rule circulated in the empire. Nearly one-third of all coins minted in Rome under Vespasian celebrated military victory or peace. The word vindex was removed from coins so as not to remind the public of rebellious Vindex. Construction projects bore inscriptions praising Vespasian and condemning previous emperors. A temple of peace was constructed in the forum as well. Vespasian approved histories written under his reign, ensuring biases against him were removed. Vespasian also gave financial rewards to ancient writers. The ancient historians who lived through the period such as Tacitus. And Pliny the Elder. Speak suspiciously well of Vespasian while condemning the emperors who came before him. Tacitus admits that his status was elevated by Vespasian, Josephus identifies Vespasian as a patron and savior, and Pliny dedicated his Natural Histories to Vespasian, Titus. Those who spoke against Vespasian were punished. A number of stoic philosophers were accused of corrupting students with inappropriate teachings and were expelled from Rome. A pro-republic philosopher, was executed for his teachings. Construction of the Flavian Amphitheatre, better known as the Colosseum. Was begun by Vespasian, and ultimately finished by his son Titus. Between 71 and 79, much of Vespasian’s reign is a mystery. Historians report that Vespasian ordered the construction of several buildings in Rome. Additionally, he survived several conspiracies against him. Vespasian helped rebuild Rome after the civil war. He added the temple of Peace and the temple to the Deified Claudius. In 75, he erected a colossal statue of Apollo. And he dedicated a stage of the theater of Marcellus. He also began construction of the Colosseum. Suetonius claims that Vespasian was met with “constant conspiracies” against him. Only one conspiracy is known specifically, though. In 78 or 79, Eprius Marcellus and Aulus Caecina Alienus. Attempted to kill Vespasian. Why these men turned against Vespasian is not known. Military pursuits and death. Was sent to Britain. And both extended and consolidated the Roman dominion in that province, pushing his way into what is now Scotland. On June 23 of the following year, Vespasian was on his deathbed and expiring rapidly, he demanded that he be helped to stand as he believed “An emperor should die on his feet”. He died of an intestinal inflammation which led to excessive diarrhea. His purported great wit can be glimpsed from his last words; Væ, puto deus fio , Damn. Vespasian was known for his wit and his amiable manner alongside his commanding persona and military prowess. He could be liberal to impoverished Senators and equestrians and to cities and towns desolated by natural calamity. He was especially generous to men of letters and rhetors. Several of whom he pensioned with salaries of as much as 1,000 gold pieces a year. Is said to have been the first public teacher who enjoyed this imperial favor. S work, the Natural History. Was written during Vespasian’s reign, and dedicated to Vespasian’s son Titus. Vespasian distrusted philosophers in general, viewing them as unmanly complainers who talked too much. It was the idle talk of philosophers, who liked to glorify the good times of the Republic. That provoked Vespasian into reviving the obsolete penal laws against this profession as a precautionary measure. Only one however, Helvidius Priscus. Was put to death, and he had repeatedly affronted the Emperor by studied insults which Vespasian had initially tried to ignore, “I will not kill a dog that barks at me, ” were his words on discovering Priscus’s public slander. Vespasian was indeed noted for mildness when dealing with political opposition. According to Suetonius, he bore the frank language of his friends, the quips of pleaders, and the impudence of the philosophers with the greatest patience. In the modern Italian language. The Course of Honour , a novel by Lindsey Davis. Contains an account of one the protagonists’ a Celtic. Chief meeting Vespasian during his campaign through southern Britannia. Vespasian, as legate under Aulus Plautius. Is a regular secondary character in Simon Scarrow. World-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine, world coins & more. Ilya Zlobin is an independent individual who has a passion for coin collecting, research and understanding the importance of the historical context and significance all coins and objects represent. Send me a message about this and I can update your invoice should you want this method. Getting your order to you, quickly and securely is a top priority and is taken seriously here. Great care is taken in packaging and mailing every item securely and quickly. What is a certificate of authenticity and what guarantees do you give that the item is authentic? You will be very happy with what you get with the COA; a professional presentation of the coin, with all of the relevant information and a picture of the coin you saw in the listing. 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  • Ruler: Vespasian
  • Composition: Silver