Nov 20 2017

Historical Ancient Coins Of Biblical Jerusalem Collection And Guide Jewish Kings Roman Rulers


Oct 20 2017

Roman Period Jewish Revolt Year II Ancient Bronze Coin Archaeology Judaica

Roman Period Jewish Revolt Year II Ancient Bronze Coin Archaeology Judaica

Roman Period Jewish Revolt Year II Ancient Bronze Coin Archaeology Judaica

Jewish revolt, year two (2) coin. Diameter: 1.6 cm. Feel free to ask any question! We are licensed archeology dealers. License #270, authorized by the Israel antiquities Authority. The free listing tool. The item “ROMAN PERIOD JEWISH REVOLT YEAR II ANCIENT BRONZE COIN ARCHAEOLOGY JUDAICA” is in sale since Tuesday, February 16, 2016. This item is in the category “Antiques\Antiquities\Holy Land”. The seller is “trionfo-jerusalem” and is located in Jerusalem. This item can be shipped worldwide.

Aug 3 2017

Ancient Jewish Silver Zuz Coin from Year 2 of the Bar Kochba Revolt 133 AD

Ancient Jewish Silver Zuz Coin from Year 2 of the Bar Kochba Revolt 133 AD

Ancient Jewish Silver Zuz Coin from Year 2 of the Bar Kochba Revolt 133 AD

Ancient Jewish Silver Zuz Coin from Year 2 of the Bar Kochba Revolt 133 AD

A fascinating and important Biblical period coin. An ancient silver zuz minted by the Jewish people as an act of defiance against the Romans during the third Jewish – Roman war, also known as the Bar Kochba revolt. Overstruck on a Roman denarius of Domitian, in year 2 of the war, circa 133 / 134 AD. The obverse with a bunch of grapes. The Paleo-Hebrew script reading. The reverse with a three stringed kinnor, an ancient Israelite instrument, similar to a lyre or harp. The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reading. Year 2 of the Freedom of Jerusalem! After years of political and religious tensions in the Roman ruled province of Judaea, the Jews finally revolted in 132 AD, organised by their leader Simon Bar Kochba. They faced the full might of Emperor Hadrian’s Roman Empire, but despite this, initial victories established an independent state of Israel across areas of Judea for over two years. It was during this time that the Jewish rebels minted their own coins by overstriking on the already circulating Roman coinage. This zuz was issued over a Roman silver denarius, minted under Emperor Domitian. A trace of the legend of the coin is still visible on the reverse! More than just a coin, this artefact pays testimony to the struggle of the Jewish people to preserve their religion and culture in the face of great adversity. Weight: 2.55 g. Diameter: 19.70 mm. With full page of detailed notes, colour photographs, negatives and old tickets. Our parent company, ArtAncient Ltd. Are members of the Antiquities Dealer’s Association, LAPADA, CINOA and the BNTA. All objects we sell are authentic as described. We send all collectibles Registered, Signed-for and Insured. Please note that in most countries, antiques and collectibles are eligible for minimal/zero charges on importation. The item “Ancient Jewish Silver Zuz Coin from Year 2 of the Bar Kochba Revolt 133 AD” is in sale since Wednesday, February 15, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Provincial (100-400 AD)”. The seller is “artancientltd” and is located in London. This item can be shipped worldwide.

Jun 25 2017

Ancient Jewish Vs Ancient Roman Coins Honoring The Altars


Jun 19 2017

VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin

VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin

VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin

This is a Vespasian Jewish War Judaea Capta Roman Coin/Token, Cant find a lot of info on this, other than title. The Coin weighs 9.7 grams, diameter 28.83mm, and width 2.2mm. Unknown metal, scared to clean or scratch not to hurt if it has greater Value. Feel free to contact me with questions or if you have information on this. The item “VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin” is in sale since Sunday, June 11, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “w.green” and is located in Richmond, Virginia. This item can be shipped to United States.
  • Ruler: Vespasian

Jun 4 2017

VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin

VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin

VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin

This is a Vespasian Jewish War Judaea Capta Roman Coin/Token, Cant find a lot of info on this, other than title. The Coin weighs 9.7 grams, diameter 28.83mm, and width 2.2mm. Unknown metal, scared to clean or scratch not to hurt if it has greater Value. Feel free to contact me with questions or if you have information on this. The item “VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin” is in sale since Thursday, June 01, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “w.green” and is located in Richmond, Virginia. This item can be shipped to United States.
  • Ruler: Vespasian

May 28 2017

VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Silver Ancient Roman Coin NGC i61947

VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Silver Ancient Roman Coin NGC i61947

VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Silver Ancient Roman Coin NGC i61947

VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Silver Ancient Roman Coin NGC i61947

VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Silver Ancient Roman Coin NGC i61947

Item: i61947 Authentic Ancient Coin of. “Judaea Capta” Silver Denarius 17mm (3.27 grams) Rome mint: 69-70 A. 35; Hendin 759 (3rd Edition); Hendin 1464 (5th Edition) Certification: NGC Ancients. Ch F 4529169-002 Laureate head of Vespasian right; around IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG. Jewess seated right mourning below right of trophy; in exergue, IVDAEA. Judaea Capta coins (also spelled Judea Capta) were a series of commemorative coins originally issued by the Roman Emperor Vespasian to celebrate the capture of Judaea and the destruction of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem by his son Titus in 70 AD during the First Jewish Revolt. There are several variants of the coinage. The reverse of the coins shows a Jewish female (representing Judaea) seated right in an attitude of mourning at the base of a palm tree, with either a captive Jewish male standing right, with his hands bound behind his back, or the standing figure of the victorious emperor, or the goddess Victory, with a trophy of weapons, shields, and helmets to the left. The female figure may reflect the prophecy of Isaiah 3:8, 25-26: For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen… Thy men shall fall by the sword and thy mighty in the war. And her gates shall lament and mourn, and she being desolate shall sit upon the ground. The Judaea Capta coins were struck for 25 years under Vespasian and his two sons who succeeded him as Emperor – Titus and Domitian. These commemorative coins were issued in bronze, silver and gold by mints in Rome, throughout the Roman Empire, and in Judaea itself. They were issued in every denomination, and at least 48 different types are known. Only bronze’Judaea Capta’ coins were struck in Caesarea, in the defeated Roman province of Judea. These coins are much cruder than the Roman issues, and the inscriptions are in Greek rather than Latin. The designs feature the Goddess Nike writing on a shield, Minerva with a spear, shield, trophy and palm tree, etc. Most such coins were issued during the reign of the Emperor Domitian (81-96 AD). Unusually, a’Judaea Capta’ coin was also minted by the Jewish ruler Agrippa II, the great-grandson of Herod the Great. Brought up in Rome at the court of Claudius, Agrippa was thoroughly Romanised and was a close friend of Titus, whom he supported throughout the First Jewish Revolt. His bronze coin was minted at Tiberias and shows a portrait of Titus on the obverse with the Greek inscription”, while the reverse depicted the goddess Nike advancing right holding a wreath and palm branch over her shoulder, with a star in upper right field and the inscription’ETO – KS BA AGRI-PPA’. Sole Reign with Titus. As Caesars 71-79 A. Sole Reign (with Titus as Imperator and Domitian as Caesar). Titus Flavius Vespasianus , known in English as Vespasian (November 17 9AD – June 23 79AD), was a Roman Emperor who reigned from 69 AD until his death in 79 AD. Vespasian was the founder of the short-lived Flavian dynasty, which ruled the Roman Empire between 69 AD and 96 AD He was succeeded by his sons Titus (79-81) and Domitian (81-96). Vespasian descended from a family of equestrians which rose into the senatorial rank under the emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Although he attained the standard succession of public offices, holding the consulship in 51, Vespasian became more reputed as a successful military commander, partaking in the Roman invasion of Britain in 43, and subjugating the Judaea province during the Jewish rebellion of 66. While Vespasian was preparing to besiege the city of Jerusalem during the latter campaign, emperor Nero committed suicide, plunging the Roman Empire into a year of civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors. After Galba and Otho perished in quick succession, Vitellius became emperor in mid 69. In response, the armies in Egypt and Judaea themselves declared Vespasian emperor on July 1. On December 20, Vitellius was defeated, and the following day, Vespasian was declared emperor by the Roman Senate. Little factual information survives about Vespasian’s government during the ten years he was emperor. His reign is best known for financial reforms following the demise of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, the successful campaign against Judaea, and several ambitious construction projects such as the Colosseum. Upon his death on June 23, 79, he was succeeded by his eldest son Titus. Family and early career. Vespasian was born in Falacrina, in the Sabine country near Reate. His mother, Vespasia Polla, was the sister of a Senator. After prompting from his mother, Vespasian followed his older brother, also called Titus Flavius Sabinus, into public life. He served in the army as a military tribune in Thrace in 36. The following year he was elected quaestor and served in Crete and Cyrene. He rose through the ranks of Roman public office, being elected aedile on his second attempt in 39 and praetor on his first attempt in 40, taking the opportunity to ingratiate himself with the Emperor Caligula. In the meantime, he married Domitilla the Elder, the daughter of an equestrian from Ferentium. They had two sons, Titus Flavius Vespasianus b. 41 and Titus Flavius Domitianus b. 51, and a daughter, Domitilla b. Domitilla died before Vespasian became emperor. Thereafter his mistress, Caenis, was his wife in all but name until she died in 74. Upon the accession of Claudius as emperor in 41, Vespasian was appointed legate of Legio II Augusta , stationed in Germania, thanks to the influence of the Imperial freedman Narcissus. In 43, Vespasian and the II Augusta participated in the Roman invasion of Britain, and he distinguished himself under the overall command of Aulus Plautius. After participating in crucial early battles on the rivers Medway and Thames, he was sent to reduce the south west, penetrating through the modern counties of Hampshire, Wiltshire, Dorset, Somerset, Devon and Cornwall with the probable objectives of securing the south coast ports and harbours along with the tin mines of Cornwall and the silver and lead mines of Somerset. Vespasian marched from Noviomagus Reginorum (Chichester) to subdue the hostile Durotriges and Dumnonii tribes. Captured twenty oppida (towns, or more probably hill forts, including Hod Hill and Maiden Castle in Dorset). He also invaded Vectis (the Isle of Wight), finally setting up a fortress and legionary headquarters at Isca Dumnoniorum (Exeter). These successes earned him triumphal regalia (ornamenta triumphalia) on his return to Rome. Vespasian was elected consul for the last two months of 51, after which he withdrew from public life. He came out of retirement in 63 when he was sent as governor to Africa Province. According to Tacitus ii. 97, his rule was “infamous and odious” but according to Suetonius Vesp. 4, he was “upright and, highly honourable”. On one occasion he was pelted with turnips. Vespasian used his time in North Africa wisely. Corruption was so rife, that it was almost expected that a governor would come back from these appointments with his pockets full. During his time in North Africa, he found himself in financial difficulties and was forced to mortgage his estates to his brother. To revive his fortunes he turned to the mule trade and gained the nickname mulio (mule-driver). Returning from Africa, Vespasian toured Greece in Nero’s retinue, but lost Imperial favour after paying insufficient attention (some sources suggest he fell asleep) during one of the Emperor’s recitals on the lyre, and found himself in the political wilderness. However, in 66, Vespasian was appointed to conduct the war in Judea. A revolt there had killed the previous governor and routed Licinius Mucianus, the governor of Syria, when he tried to restore order. Two legions, with eight cavalry squadrons and 10 auxiliary cohorts, were therefore dispatched under the command of Vespasian to add to the one already there. His elder son, Titus, served on his staff. During this time he became the patron of Flavius Josephus, a Jewish resistance leader turned Roman agent who would go on to write his people’s history in Greek. In the end, thousands of Jews were killed and many towns destroyed by the Romans, who successfully re-established control over Judea. They took Jerusalem in 70. He is remembered by Jews as a fair and humane official, in contrast to the notorious Herod the Great. Josephus wrote that after the Roman Legio X Fretensis accompanied by Vespasian destroyed Jericho on June 21, 68, he took a group of Jews who could not swim (possibly Essenes from Qumran), fettered them, and threw them into the Dead Sea to test its legendary buoyancy. Sure enough, the Jews shot back up after being thrown in from boats and floated calmly on top of the sea. Year of Four Emperors. Main article: Year of the Four Emperors. Map of the Roman Empire during the Year of the Four Emperors (69 AD). Blue areas indicate provinces loyal to Vespasian and Gaius Licinius Mucianus. After the death of Nero in 68, Rome saw a succession of short-lived emperors and a year of civil wars. Galba was murdered by Otho, who was defeated by Vitellius. Otho’s supporters, looking for another candidate to support, settled on Vespasian. According to Suetonius, a prophecy ubiquitous in the Eastern provinces claimed that from Judaea would come the future rulers of the world. Vespasian eventually believed that this prophecy applied to him, and found a number of omens, oracles, and portents that reinforced this belief. He also found encouragement in Mucianus, the governor of Syria; and, although Vespasian was a strict disciplinarian and reformer of abuses, Vespasian’s soldiers were thoroughly devoted to him. All eyes in the East were now upon him. Mucianus and the Syrian legions were eager to support him. While he was at Caesarea, he was proclaimed emperor (July 1, 69), first by the army in Egypt under Tiberius Julius Alexander, and then by his troops in Judaea (July 11 according to Suetonius, July 3 according to Tacitus). Nevertheless, Vitellius, the occupant of the throne, had Rome’s best troops on his side – the veteran legions of Gaul and the Rhineland. But the feeling in Vespasian’s favour quickly gathered strength, and the armies of Moesia, Pannonia, and Illyricum soon declared for him, and made him the de facto master of half of the Roman world. While Vespasian himself was in Egypt securing its grain supply, his troops entered Italy from the northeast under the leadership of M. They defeated Vitellius’s army (which had awaited him in Mevania) at Bedriacum (or Betriacum), sacked Cremona and advanced on Rome. They entered Rome after furious fighting. In the resulting confusion, the Capitol was destroyed by fire and Vespasian’s brother Sabinus was killed by a mob. On receiving the tidings of his rival’s defeat and death at Alexandria, the new emperor at once forwarded supplies of urgently needed grain to Rome, along with an edict or a declaration of policy, in which he gave assurance of an entire reversal of the laws of Nero, especially those relating to treason. While in Egypt he visited the Temple of Serapis, where reportedly he experienced a vision. Later he was confronted by two labourers who were convinced that he possessed a divine power that could work miracles. Aftermath of the civil war. Bust of Vespasian, Pushkin Museum, Moscow. Vespasian was declared emperor by the Senate while he was in Egypt in December of 69 (the Egyptians had declared him emperor in June of 69). In the short-term, administration of the empire was given to Mucianus who was aided by Vespasian’s son, Domitian. By his own example of simplicity of life – he caused something of a scandal when it was made known he took his own boots off – he initiated a marked improvement in the general tone of society in many respects. In early 70, Vespasian was still in Egypt, the source of Rome’s grain supply, and had not yet left for Rome. According to Tacitus, his trip was delayed due to bad weather. Modern historians theorize that Vespasian had been and was continuing to consolidate support from the Egyptians before departing. Stories of a divine Vespasian healing people circulated in Egypt. In addition to the uprising in Egypt, unrest and civil war continued in the rest of the empire in 70. In Judea, rebellion had continued from 66. Vespasian’s son, Titus, finally subdued the rebellion with the capture of Jerusalem and destruction of the Jewish Temple in 70. According to Eusebius, Vespasian then ordered all descendants of the royal line of David to be hunted down, causing the Jews to be persecuted from province to province. Several modern historians have suggested that Vespasian, already having been told by Josephus that he was prophesied to become emperor whilst in Judaea, was probably reacting to other widely-known Messianic prophecies circulating at the time, to suppress any rival claimants arising from that dynasty. In January of the same year, an uprising occurred in Gaul and Germany, known as the second Batavian Rebellion. This rebellion was headed by Gaius Julius Civilis and Julius Sabinus. Sabinus, claiming he was descended from Julius Caesar, declared himself emperor of Gaul. The rebellion defeated and absorbed two Roman legions before it was suppressed by Vespasian’s brother-in-law, Quintus Petillius Cerialis, by the end of 70. Arrival in Rome and gathering support. In mid-70, Vespasian first came to Rome. Vespasian immediately embarked on a series of efforts to stay in power and prevent future revolts. He offered gifts to many in the military and much of the public. Soldiers loyal to Vitellius were dismissed or punished. He also restructured the Senatorial and Equestrian orders, removing his enemies and adding his allies. Regional autonomy of Greek provinces was repealed. Additionally, he made significant attempts to control public perception of his rule. Many modern historians note the increased amount of propaganda that appeared during Vespasian’s reign. Stories of a supernatural emperor who was destined to rule circulated in the empire. Nearly one-third of all coins minted in Rome under Vespasian celebrated military victory or peace. The word vindex was removed from coins so as not to remind the public of rebellious Vindex. Construction projects bore inscriptions praising Vespasian and condemning previous emperors. A temple of peace was constructed in the forum as well. Vespasian approved histories written under his reign, ensuring biases against him were removed. Vespasian also gave financial rewards to ancient writers. The ancient historians who lived through the period such as Tacitus, Suetonius, Josephus and Pliny the Elder speak suspiciously well of Vespasian while condemning the emperors who came before him. Tacitus admits that his status was elevated by Vespasian, Josephus identifies Vespasian as a patron and savior, and Pliny dedicated his Natural Histories to Vespasian, Titus. Those who spoke against Vespasian were punished. A number of stoic philosophers were accused of corrupting students with inappropriate teachings and were expelled from Rome. Helvidius Priscus, a pro-republic philosopher, was executed for his teachings. Construction of the Flavian Amphitheatre, better known as the Colosseum, was begun by Vespasian, and ultimately finished by his son Titus. Between 71 and 79, much of Vespasian’s reign is a mystery. Historians report that Vespasian ordered the construction of several buildings in Rome. Additionally, he survived several conspiracies against him. Vespasian helped rebuild Rome after the civil war. He added the temple of Peace and the temple to the Deified Claudius. In 75, he erected a colossal statue of Apollo, begun under Nero, and he dedicated a stage of the theater of Marcellus. He also began construction of the Colosseum. Suetonius claims that Vespasian was met with “constant conspiracies” against him. Only one conspiracy is known specifically, though. In 78 or 79, Eprius Marcellus and Aulus Caecina Alienus attempted to kill Vespasian. Why these men turned against Vespasian is not known. Military pursuits and death. In 78, Agricola was sent to Britain, and both extended and consolidated the Roman dominion in that province, pushing his way into what is now Scotland. On June 23 of the following year, Vespasian was on his deathbed and expiring rapidly, he demanded that he be helped to stand as he believed “An emperor should die on his feet”. He died of an intestinal inflammation which led to excessive diarrhea. His purported great wit can be glimpsed from his last words; Væ, puto deus fio , Damn. Vespasian was known for his wit and his amiable manner alongside his commanding persona and military prowess. He could be liberal to impoverished Senators and equestrians and to cities and towns desolated by natural calamity. He was especially generous to men of letters and rhetors, several of whom he pensioned with salaries of as much as 1,000 gold pieces a year. Quintilian is said to have been the first public teacher who enjoyed this imperial favor. Pliny the Elder’s work, the Natural History , was written during Vespasian’s reign, and dedicated to Vespasian’s son Titus. Vespasian distrusted philosophers in general, viewing them as unmanly complainers who talked too much. It was the idle talk of philosophers, who liked to glorify the good times of the Republic, that provoked Vespasian into reviving the obsolete penal laws against this profession as a precautionary measure. Only one however, Helvidius Priscus, was put to death, and he had repeatedly affronted the Emperor by studied insults which Vespasian had initially tried to ignore, “I will not kill a dog that barks at me, ” were his words on discovering Priscus’s public slander. Vespasian was indeed noted for mildness when dealing with political opposition. According to Suetonius, he bore the frank language of his friends, the quips of pleaders, and the impudence of the philosophers with the greatest patience. Marcus Didius Falco novels. The Course of Honour , a novel by Lindsey Davis. Edward Rutherfurd’s historical fiction novel Sarum contains an account of one the protagonists’ (a Celtic chief) meeting Vespasian during his campaign through southern Britannia. Vespasian, as legate under Aulus Plautius, is a regular secondary character in Simon Scarrow’s Eaglegle series. World-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine, world coins & more. Ilya Zlobin is an independent individual who has a passion for coin collecting, research and understanding the importance of the historical context and significance all coins and objects represent. Send me a message about this and I can update your invoice should you want this method. Getting your order to you, quickly and securely is a top priority and is taken seriously here. Great care is taken in packaging and mailing every item securely and quickly. What is a certificate of authenticity and what guarantees do you give that the item is authentic? You will be very happy with what you get with the COA; a professional presentation of the coin, with all of the relevant information and a picture of the coin you saw in the listing. Additionally, the coin is inside it’s own protective coin flip (holder), with a 2×2 inch description of the coin matching the individual number on the COA. Whether your goal is to collect or give the item as a gift, coins presented like this could be more prized and valued higher than items that were not given such care and attention to. When should I leave feedback? Please don’t leave any negative feedbacks, as it happens sometimes that people rush to leave feedback before letting sufficient time for their order to arrive. The matter of fact is that any issues can be resolved, as reputation is most important to me. My goal is to provide superior products and quality of service. How and where do I learn more about collecting ancient coins? Visit the “Guide on How to Use My Store”. For on an overview about using my store, with additional information and links to all other parts of my store which may include educational information on topics you are looking for. The item “VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Silver Ancient Roman Coin NGC i61947″ is in sale since Saturday, May 27, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Ruler: Vespasian
  • Composition: Silver
  • Certification: NGC
  • Material: Silver
  • Coin Type: Ancient Roman
  • Denomination: Denarius
  • Grade: Ch F
  • Certification Number: 4529169-002

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  • ancient roman coin vespasian jewess mourning at trophy

May 4 2017

VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin

VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin

VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin

This is a Vespasian Jewish War Judaea Capta Roman Coin/Token, Cant find a lot of info on this, other than title. The Coin weighs 9.7 grams, diameter 28.83mm, and width 2.2mm. Unknown metal, scared to clean or scratch not to hurt if it has greater Value. Feel free to contact me with questions or if you have information on this. The item “VESPASIAN Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin” is in sale since Wednesday, May 03, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “w.green” and is located in Richmond, Virginia. This item can be shipped to United States.
  • Ruler: Vespasian

Apr 26 2017

VESPASIAN 71AD Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin NGC

VESPASIAN 71AD Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin NGC

VESPASIAN 71AD Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin NGC

VESPASIAN 71AD Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin NGC

VESPASIAN 71AD Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin NGC

VESPASIAN 71AD Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin NGC

VESPASIAN 71AD Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin NGC

[6487] Vespasian – Roman Emperor: 69-79 A. Bronze Sestertius 33mm (25.04 grams) Rome mint, struck circa 71 A. Certification: NGC Ancients XF Strike: 5/5 Surface: 3/5 4373074-003 Pedigree: From the Michael Druck Collection. IMP CAE VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III, Laureate bust of Vespasian facing right. IVDAEA CAPTA, Palm tree, captive at left standing facing right, Judaea at right seated on cuirass facing right in attitude of mourning, arms and shields surrounding figures, “S C” in exergue. An interesting variety with the “S” in “CAES” on the obverse legend not present, noted in RIC II. Provided with certificate of authenticity. CERTIFIED AUTHENTIC by Sergey Nechayev, PhD – Numismatic Expert. Titus Flavius Vespasianus , known in English as Vespasian. AD, was a Roman Emperor. Who reigned from 69 AD until his death in 79 AD. Vespasian was the founder of the short-lived Flavian dynasty. Which ruled the Roman Empire. Between 69 AD and 96 AD He was succeeded by his sons Titus. Vespasian descended from a family of equestrians. Which rose into the senatorial. Rank under the emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Although he attained the standard succession. Of public offices, holding the consulship. In 51, Vespasian became more reputed as a successful military commander, partaking in the Roman invasion of Britain. In 43, and subjugating the Judaea province. During the Jewish rebellion. While Vespasian was preparing to besiege the city of Jerusalem. During the latter campaign, emperor Nero. Committed suicide, plunging the Roman Empire into a year of civil war. Known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Perished in quick succession, Vitellius. Became emperor in mid 69. In response, the armies in Egypt. And Judaea themselves declared Vespasian emperor on July 1. The governor of Syria. Who led the Flavian forces against Vitellius, while Vespasian himself gained control over Egypt. Vitellius was defeated, and the following day, Vespasian was declared emperor by the Roman Senate. Little factual information survives about Vespasian’s government during the ten years he was emperor. His reign is best known for financial reforms following the demise of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, the successful campaign against Judaea, and several ambitious construction projects such as the Colosseum. Upon his death on. He was succeeded by his eldest son Titus. The item “VESPASIAN 71AD Jewish War Victory JUDAEA CAPTA Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin NGC” is in sale since Monday, January 16, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “victoram” and is located in Forest Hills, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Ruler: Vespasian
  • Denomination: Sestertius
  • Certification: NGC
  • Coin Type: Ancient Roman
  • Grade: XF
  • Certification Number: 4373074-003

Mar 21 2017

VESPASIAN 69AD JUDAEA CAPTA Jewish War Victory Silver Ancient Roman Coin i58215

VESPASIAN 69AD JUDAEA CAPTA Jewish War Victory Silver Ancient Roman Coin i58215

VESPASIAN 69AD JUDAEA CAPTA Jewish War Victory Silver Ancient Roman Coin i58215

Authentic Ancient Coin of. “Judaea Capta” Silver Denarius 19mm (2.93 grams) Rome mint: 69-70 A. 35; Hendin 759 (3rd Edition); Hendin 1464 (5th Edition) Laureate head of Vespasian right; around IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG. Jewess seated right mourning below right of trophy; in exergue, IVDAEA. Coins (also spelled Judea Capta) were a series of commemorative coins originally issued by the Roman Emperor. To celebrate the capture of Judaea. And the destruction of the Jewish. By his son Titus. During the First Jewish Revolt. There are several variants of the coinage. The reverse of the coins shows a Jewish female (representing Judaea) seated right in an attitude of mourning at the base of a palm tree, with either a captive Jewish male standing right, with his hands bound behind his back, or the standing figure of the victorious emperor, or the goddess Victory, with a trophy of weapons, shields, and helmets to the left. The female figure may reflect the prophecy of Isaiah. 3:8, 25-26: For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen… Thy men shall fall by the sword and thy mighty in the war. And her gates shall lament and mourn, and she being desolate shall sit upon the ground. The Judaea Capta coins were struck for 25 years under Vespasian and his two sons who succeeded him as Emperor – Titus and Domitian. These commemorative coins were issued in bronze, silver and gold by mints in Rome, throughout the Roman Empire. And in Judaea itself. They were issued in every denomination, and at least 48 different types are known. Only bronze’Judaea Capta’ coins were struck in Caesarea. In the defeated Roman province of Judea. These coins are much cruder than the Roman issues, and the inscriptions are in Greek. The designs feature the Goddess Nike. Writing on a shield, Minerva. With a spear, shield, trophy and palm tree, etc. Most such coins were issued during the reign of the Emperor Domitian (81-96 AD). Unusually, a’Judaea Capta’ coin was also minted by the Jewish. The great-grandson of Herod the Great. Brought up in Rome at the court of Claudius. Agrippa was thoroughly Romanised and was a close friend of Titus. Whom he supported throughout the First Jewish Revolt. His bronze coin was minted at Tiberias. And shows a portrait of Titus on the obverse. Inscription”, while the reverse. Depicted the goddess Nike. Advancing right holding a wreath and palm branch over her shoulder, with a star in upper right field and the inscription’ETO – KS BA AGRI-PPA’. A trophy is a reward for a specific achievement, and serves as recognition or evidence of merit. Is an ancient Greek. Monument set up to commemorate a victory over one’s foes. Typically this takes the shape of a tree, sometimes with a pair of arm-like branches (or, in later times, a pair of stakes set crosswise) upon which is hung the armour. Of a defeated and dead foe. The tropaion is then dedicated to a god. In thanksgiving for the victory. A Roman tropaeum from the Dacian Wars. 113 CE, note the tree trunk with arm-like branches. The tropaeum in Rome, on the other hand, would probably not be set up on the battle-site itself, but rather displayed prominently in the city of Rome. Romans were less concerned about impressing foreign powers or military rivals than they were in using military success to further their own political careers. Inside the city, especially during the later years of the Republic. A tropaeum displayed on the battlefield does not win votes, but one brought back and displayed as part of a triumph. Can impress the citizens (who might then vote in future elections in favor of the conqueror) or the nobles (with whom most aristocratic Romans of the Republican period were in a constant struggle for prestige). The symbolism of the tropaeum became so well known that in later eras, Romans began to simply display images of them upon sculpted reliefs see image and Tropaeum Traiani. , to leave a permanent trace of the victory in question rather than the temporary monument of the tropaeum itself. Originally the word trophy, derived from the Latin tropaion. Referred to arms, standards, other property, or human captives and body parts e. Commemorated the military victories of a state, army or individual combatant. In modern warfare trophy taking is discouraged, but this sense of the word is reflected in hunting trophies. And human trophy collecting. Trophies have marked victories since ancient times. The word trophy coined in English in 1550, was derived from the French trophée in 1513, “a prize of war”, from Old French trophee , from Latin trophaeum , monument to victory, variant of tropaeum , which in turn is the latinisation. , the neuter of (tropaios), “of defeat” or “for defeat”, but generally “of a turning” or “of a change”, from (trop), “a turn, a change” and that from the verb (trepo), “to turn, to alter”. In ancient Greece, trophies were made on the battlefields of victorious battles, from captured arms and standards, and were hung upon a tree or a large stake made to resemble a warrior. Often, these ancient trophies were inscribed with a story of the battle and were dedicated to various gods. Trophies made about naval victories sometimes consisted of entire ships (or what remained of them) laid out on the beach. To destroy a trophy was considered a sacrilege. The ancient Romans kept their trophies closer to home. The Romans built magnificent trophies in Rome, including columns and arches atop a foundation. Most of the stone trophies that once adorned huge stone memorials in Rome have been long since stolen. Sole Reign with Titus. As Caesars 71-79 A. Sole Reign (with Titus as Imperator and Domitian as Caesar). Titus Flavius Vespasianus , known in English as Vespasian. AD, was a Roman Emperor. Who reigned from 69 AD until his death in 79 AD. Vespasian was the founder of the short-lived Flavian dynasty. Which ruled the Roman Empire. Between 69 AD and 96 AD He was succeeded by his sons Titus. Vespasian descended from a family of equestrians. Which rose into the senatorial. Rank under the emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Although he attained the standard succession. Of public offices, holding the consulship. In 51, Vespasian became more reputed as a successful military commander, partaking in the Roman invasion of Britain. In 43, and subjugating the Judaea province. During the Jewish rebellion. While Vespasian was preparing to besiege the city of Jerusalem. During the latter campaign, emperor Nero. Committed suicide, plunging the Roman Empire into a year of civil war. Known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Perished in quick succession, Vitellius. Became emperor in mid 69. In response, the armies in Egypt. And Judaea themselves declared Vespasian emperor on July 1. The governor of Syria. Who led the Flavian forces against Vitellius, while Vespasian himself gained control over Egypt. Vitellius was defeated, and the following day, Vespasian was declared emperor by the Roman Senate. Little factual information survives about Vespasian’s government during the ten years he was emperor. His reign is best known for financial reforms following the demise of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, the successful campaign against Judaea, and several ambitious construction projects such as the Colosseum. Upon his death on. He was succeeded by his eldest son Titus. Family and early career. Vespasian was born in Falacrina. His father, Titus Flavius Sabinus. Official in the province of Asia. Where Vespasian lived for some time. His mother, Vespasia Polla. Was the sister of a Senator. After prompting from his mother, Vespasian followed his older brother, also called Titus Flavius Sabinus. He served in the army as a military tribune. The following year he was elected quaestor. And served in Crete. He rose through the ranks of Roman public office, being elected aedile. On his second attempt in 39 and praetor. On his first attempt in 40, taking the opportunity to ingratiate himself with the Emperor Caligula. In the meantime, he married Domitilla the Elder. The daughter of an equestrian from Ferentium. They had two sons, Titus Flavius Vespasianus. 41 and Titus Flavius Domitianus. 51, and a daughter, Domitilla. Domitilla died before Vespasian became emperor. Thereafter his mistress, Caenis. Was his wife in all but name until she died in 74. Upon the accession of Claudius. As emperor in 41, Vespasian was appointed legate. Of Legio II Augusta. Thanks to the influence of the Imperial freedman. In 43, Vespasian and the II Augusta participated in the Roman invasion of Britain. And he distinguished himself under the overall command of Aulus Plautius. After participating in crucial early battles on the rivers Medway. He was sent to reduce the south west, penetrating through the modern counties of Hampshire. With the probable objectives of securing the south coast ports and harbours along with the tin mines of Cornwall and the silver and lead mines of Somerset. Vespasian marched from Noviomagus Reginorum. To subdue the hostile Durotriges. Captured twenty oppida towns, or more probably hill forts. He also invaded Vectis. The Isle of Wight. , finally setting up a fortress and legionary headquarters at Isca Dumnoniorum. These successes earned him triumphal regalia (ornamenta triumphalia) on his return to Rome. Vespasian was elected consul. For the last two months of 51, after which he withdrew from public life. He came out of retirement in 63 when he was sent as governor to Africa Province. 97, his rule was “infamous and odious” but according to Suetonius. 4, he was “upright and, highly honourable”. On one occasion he was pelted with turnips. Vespasian used his time in North Africa wisely. Corruption was so rife, that it was almost expected that a governor would come back from these appointments with his pockets full. During his time in North Africa, he found himself in financial difficulties and was forced to mortgage his estates to his brother. To revive his fortunes he turned to the mule. Trade and gained the nickname mulio (mule-driver). Returning from Africa, Vespasian toured Greece. S retinue, but lost Imperial favour after paying insufficient attention (some sources suggest he fell asleep) during one of the Emperor’s recitals on the lyre. And found himself in the political wilderness. However, in 66, Vespasian was appointed to conduct the war. A revolt there had killed the previous governor and routed Licinius Mucianus. When he tried to restore order. Two legions, with eight cavalry squadrons and 10 auxiliary cohorts, were therefore dispatched under the command of Vespasian to add to the one already there. His elder son, Titus, served on his staff. During this time he became the patron of Flavius Josephus. Resistance leader turned Roman agent who would go on to write his people’s history in Greek. In the end, thousands of Jews were killed and many towns destroyed by the Romans, who successfully re-established control over Judea. They took Jerusalem in 70. He is remembered by Jews as a fair and humane official, in contrast to the notorious Herod the Great. Wrote that after the Roman Legio X Fretensis. Accompanied by Vespasian destroyed Jericho on. He took a group of Jews who could not swim possibly Essenes. , fettered them, and threw them into the Dead Sea. To test its legendary buoyancy. Sure enough, the Jews shot back up after being thrown in from boats and floated calmly on top of the sea. Year of Four Emperors. Main article: Year of the Four Emperors. Map of the Roman Empire during the Year of the Four Emperors. Blue areas indicate provinces loyal to Vespasian and Gaius Licinius Mucianus. After the death of Nero in 68, Rome saw a succession of short-lived emperors and a year of civil wars. Was murdered by Otho. Who was defeated by Vitellius. Otho’s supporters, looking for another candidate to support, settled on Vespasian. According to Suetonius, a prophecy ubiquitous in the Eastern provinces claimed that from Judaea would come the future rulers of the world. Vespasian eventually believed that this prophecy applied to him, and found a number of omens. That reinforced this belief. He also found encouragement in Mucianus, the governor of Syria; and, although Vespasian was a strict disciplinarian and reformer of abuses, Vespasian’s soldiers were thoroughly devoted to him. All eyes in the East were now upon him. Mucianus and the Syrian legions were eager to support him. While he was at Caesarea. He was proclaimed emperor. , first by the army in Egypt. Under Tiberius Julius Alexander. And then by his troops in Judaea (July 11 according to Suetonius, July 3 according to Tacitus). The occupant of the throne, had Rome’s best troops on his side the veteran legions of Gaul. But the feeling in Vespasian’s favour quickly gathered strength, and the armies of Moesia. Soon declared for him, and made him the de facto master of half of the Roman world. While Vespasian himself was in Egypt securing its grain supply. His troops entered Italy from the northeast under the leadership of M. They defeated Vitellius’s army which had awaited him in Mevania. (or Betriacum), sacked Cremona. And advanced on Rome. They entered Rome after furious fighting. In the resulting confusion, the Capitol was destroyed by fire and Vespasian’s brother Sabinus was killed by a mob. On receiving the tidings of his rival’s defeat and death at Alexandria. The new emperor at once forwarded supplies of urgently needed grain to Rome, along with an edict or a declaration of policy, in which he gave assurance of an entire reversal of the laws of Nero, especially those relating to treason. While in Egypt he visited the Temple of Serapis. Where reportedly he experienced a vision. Later he was confronted by two labourers who were convinced that he possessed a divine power that could work miracles. Aftermath of the civil war. Bust of Vespasian, Pushkin Museum. Vespasian was declared emperor by the Senate while he was in Egypt in December of 69 (the Egyptians had declared him emperor in June of 69). In the short-term, administration of the empire was given to Mucianus. Who was aided by Vespasian’s son, Domitian. By his own example of simplicity of life he caused something of a scandal when it was made known he took his own boots off he initiated a marked improvement in the general tone of society in many respects. In early 70, Vespasian was still in Egypt, the source of Rome’s grain supply, and had not yet left for Rome. His trip was delayed due to bad weather. Modern historians theorize that Vespasian had been and was continuing to consolidate support from the Egyptians before departing. Stories of a divine Vespasian healing people circulated in Egypt. In addition to the uprising in Egypt, unrest and civil war continued in the rest of the empire in 70. In Judea, rebellion had continued from 66. Vespasian’s son, Titus. Finally subdued the rebellion with the capture of Jerusalem and destruction of the Jewish Temple. Vespasian then ordered all descendants of the royal line of David. To be hunted down, causing the Jews to be persecuted from province to province. Several modern historians have suggested that Vespasian, already having been told by Josephus that he was prophesied to become emperor whilst in Judaea, was probably reacting to other widely-known Messianic prophecies circulating at the time, to suppress any rival claimants arising from that dynasty. In January of the same year, an uprising occurred in Gaul. And Germany, known as the second Batavian Rebellion. This rebellion was headed by Gaius Julius Civilis. Sabinus, claiming he was descended from Julius Caesar. Declared himself emperor of Gaul. The rebellion defeated and absorbed two Roman legions before it was suppressed by Vespasian’s brother-in-law, Quintus Petillius Cerialis. By the end of 70. Arrival in Rome and gathering support. In mid-70, Vespasian first came to Rome. Vespasian immediately embarked on a series of efforts to stay in power and prevent future revolts. He offered gifts to many in the military and much of the public. Soldiers loyal to Vitellius were dismissed or punished. He also restructured the Senatorial and Equestrian orders, removing his enemies and adding his allies. Regional autonomy of Greek provinces was repealed. Additionally, he made significant attempts to control public perception of his rule. Many modern historians note the increased amount of propaganda that appeared during Vespasian’s reign. Stories of a supernatural emperor who was destined to rule circulated in the empire. Nearly one-third of all coins minted in Rome under Vespasian celebrated military victory or peace. The word vindex was removed from coins so as not to remind the public of rebellious Vindex. Construction projects bore inscriptions praising Vespasian and condemning previous emperors. A temple of peace was constructed in the forum as well. Vespasian approved histories written under his reign, ensuring biases against him were removed. Vespasian also gave financial rewards to ancient writers. The ancient historians who lived through the period such as Tacitus. And Pliny the Elder. Speak suspiciously well of Vespasian while condemning the emperors who came before him. Tacitus admits that his status was elevated by Vespasian, Josephus identifies Vespasian as a patron and savior, and Pliny dedicated his Natural Histories to Vespasian, Titus. Those who spoke against Vespasian were punished. A number of stoic philosophers were accused of corrupting students with inappropriate teachings and were expelled from Rome. A pro-republic philosopher, was executed for his teachings. Construction of the Flavian Amphitheatre, better known as the Colosseum. Was begun by Vespasian, and ultimately finished by his son Titus. Between 71 and 79, much of Vespasian’s reign is a mystery. Historians report that Vespasian ordered the construction of several buildings in Rome. Additionally, he survived several conspiracies against him. Vespasian helped rebuild Rome after the civil war. He added the temple of Peace and the temple to the Deified Claudius. In 75, he erected a colossal statue of Apollo. And he dedicated a stage of the theater of Marcellus. He also began construction of the Colosseum. Suetonius claims that Vespasian was met with “constant conspiracies” against him. Only one conspiracy is known specifically, though. In 78 or 79, Eprius Marcellus and Aulus Caecina Alienus. Attempted to kill Vespasian. Why these men turned against Vespasian is not known. Military pursuits and death. Was sent to Britain. And both extended and consolidated the Roman dominion in that province, pushing his way into what is now Scotland. On June 23 of the following year, Vespasian was on his deathbed and expiring rapidly, he demanded that he be helped to stand as he believed “An emperor should die on his feet”. He died of an intestinal inflammation which led to excessive diarrhea. His purported great wit can be glimpsed from his last words; Væ, puto deus fio , Damn. Vespasian was known for his wit and his amiable manner alongside his commanding persona and military prowess. He could be liberal to impoverished Senators and equestrians and to cities and towns desolated by natural calamity. He was especially generous to men of letters and rhetors. Several of whom he pensioned with salaries of as much as 1,000 gold pieces a year. Is said to have been the first public teacher who enjoyed this imperial favor. S work, the Natural History. Was written during Vespasian’s reign, and dedicated to Vespasian’s son Titus. Vespasian distrusted philosophers in general, viewing them as unmanly complainers who talked too much. It was the idle talk of philosophers, who liked to glorify the good times of the Republic. That provoked Vespasian into reviving the obsolete penal laws against this profession as a precautionary measure. Only one however, Helvidius Priscus. Was put to death, and he had repeatedly affronted the Emperor by studied insults which Vespasian had initially tried to ignore, “I will not kill a dog that barks at me, ” were his words on discovering Priscus’s public slander. Vespasian was indeed noted for mildness when dealing with political opposition. According to Suetonius, he bore the frank language of his friends, the quips of pleaders, and the impudence of the philosophers with the greatest patience. In the modern Italian language. The Course of Honour , a novel by Lindsey Davis. Contains an account of one the protagonists’ a Celtic. Chief meeting Vespasian during his campaign through southern Britannia. Vespasian, as legate under Aulus Plautius. Is a regular secondary character in Simon Scarrow. World-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine, world coins & more. Ilya Zlobin is an independent individual who has a passion for coin collecting, research and understanding the importance of the historical context and significance all coins and objects represent. Send me a message about this and I can update your invoice should you want this method. Getting your order to you, quickly and securely is a top priority and is taken seriously here. Great care is taken in packaging and mailing every item securely and quickly. What is a certificate of authenticity and what guarantees do you give that the item is authentic? You will be very happy with what you get with the COA; a professional presentation of the coin, with all of the relevant information and a picture of the coin you saw in the listing. 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For on an overview about using my store, with additional information and links to all other parts of my store which may include educational information on topics you are looking for. You may also want to do a YouTube search for the term “ancient coin collecting” for educational videos on this topic. The item “VESPASIAN 69AD JUDAEA CAPTA Jewish War Victory Silver Ancient Roman Coin i58215″ is in sale since Monday, January 02, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Ruler: Vespasian
  • Composition: Silver