Oct 10 2017

PROBUS 278AD LION with OX Legion Symbols Rare Original Ancient Roman Coin i55621

PROBUS 278AD LION with OX Legion Symbols Rare Original Ancient Roman Coin i55621

PROBUS 278AD LION with OX Legion Symbols Rare Original Ancient Roman Coin i55621

Item: i55621 Authentic Ancient Coin of. Probus – Roman Emperor : 276-282 A. Bronze Antoninianus 21mm (3.49 grams) Siscia mint, 1st officina. 5th emission, 278 A. Reference: RIC V 612; Alföldi, Siscia V 44.5; Pink VI/1 p. 51 (variant for all, no star) IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right. P M TR P COS II P P Exe: XXIP, Lion standing left; head of ox to lower left; star above. Numismatic Note: The lion and the ox depicted on this coin are likely symbols of specific Roman legions, and therefore this coin could have either honored those legions, or possibly even legionary coinage. Marcus Aurelius Probus Augustus. 19 August 232 September/October 282, was Roman Emperor from 276 to 282. During his reign, the Rhine and Danube frontier was strengthened after successful wars against several Germanic tribes such as the Goths , Alamanni , Longiones , Franks , Burgundians , and Vandals. The Agri Decumates and much of the Limes Germanicus in Germania Superior were officially abandoned during his reign, with the Romans withdrawing to the Rhine and Danube rivers. Born in 232 in Sirmium (modern day Sremska Mitrovica), Pannonia Inferior , the son of Dalmatius, Probus entered the army around 250 upon reaching adulthood. Appointed as a military tribune by the emperor Valerian , he later distinguished himself under the emperors Aurelian and Tacitus. He was appointed governor of the East by Tacitus, whose death in 276 prompted Probus’ soldiers to proclaim him emperor. Florianus , the half-brother of Tacitus, was also proclaimed successor by his soldiers, but he was killed after an indecisive campaign. Probus travelled west, defeating the Goths along the lower Danube in 277, and acquiring the title of Gothicus. His position as emperor was ratified by the Senate around this time. In 278, Probus campaigned successfully in Gaul against the Alamanni and Longiones ; both tribes had advanced through the Neckar valley and across the Rhine into Roman territory. Meanwhile, his generals defeated the Franks and these operations were directed to clearing Gaul of Germanic invaders (Franks and Burgundians), allowing Probus to adopt the titles of Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus. One of his principles was never to allow the soldiers to be idle, and to employ them in time of peace on useful works, such as the planting of vineyards in Gaul, Pannonia and other districts, in order to restart the economy in these devastated lands. Of a greater and more lasting significance, Probus began the strategy of settling the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces of the empire. Antoninianus of Probus minted in 280. Depicts the solar divinity Sol Invictus riding a quadriga. Probus issued many different coins during his six years of rule. In 279280, Probus was, according to Zosimus , in Raetia , Illyricum and Lycia , where he fought the Vandals. In the same years, Probus’ generals defeated the Blemmyes in Egypt. Probus then ordered the reconstruction of bridges and canals along the Nile, where the production of grain for the Empire was centered. In 280281, Probus put down three usurpers, Julius Saturninus , Proculus and Bonosus. The extent of these revolts is not clear, but there are clues that they were not just local problems. In 281, the emperor was in Rome, where he celebrated his triumph. Probus was eager to start his eastern campaign, delayed by the revolts in the west. He left Rome in 282, travelling first towards Sirmium, his birth city. About Probus’ death different accounts exist. According to John Zonaras , the commander of the Praetorian Guard Marcus Aurelius Carus had been proclaimed, more or less unwillingly, emperor by his troops. Probus sent some troops against the new usurper, but when those troops changed sides and supported Carus, Probus’ remaining soldiers assassinated him at Sirmium (September/October 282). According to other sources, however, Probus was killed by disgruntled soldiers, who rebelled against his orders to be employed for civic purposes, like draining marshes. Carus was proclaimed emperor after Probus’ death and avenged the murder of his predecessor. What is a certificate of authenticity and what guarantees do you give that the item is authentic? You will be quite happy with what you get with the COA; a professional presentation of the coin, with all of the relevant information and a picture of the coin you saw in the listing. Is there a number I can call you with questions about my order? When should I leave feedback? Once you receive your order, please leave a positive. Please don’t leave any negative feedbacks, as it happens many times that people rush to leave feedback before letting sufficient time for the order to arrive. The matter of fact is that any issues can be resolved, as reputation is most important to me. My goal is to provide superior products and quality of service. The item “PROBUS 278AD LION with OX Legion Symbols Rare Original Ancient Roman Coin i55621″ is in sale since Wednesday, May 18, 2016. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.

Aug 19 2017

Probus. Silvered Radiate. A. D. 276-282. Ancient Roman Coin

Probus. Silvered Radiate. A. D. 276-282. Ancient Roman Coin

Probus. Silvered Radiate. A. D. 276-282. Ancient Roman Coin

Probus. Silvered Radiate. A. D. 276-282. Ancient Roman Coin

Probus. Silvered Radiate. A. D. 276-282. Ancient Roman Coin

Probus. Silvered Radiate. A. D. 276-282. Ancient Roman Coin

Probus. Silvered Radiate. A. D. 276-282. Ancient Roman Coin

Probus. Silvered Radiate. A. D. 276-282. Ancient Roman Coin

Probus. Silvered Radiate. A. D. 276-282. Ancient Roman Coin

Probus. Silvered Radiate. A. D. 276-282. Ancient Roman Coin

This coin is a great find. It is a must have for every collection. High Grade Silvered Coin. Radiate (21mm, 4.35g, 12h). In imperial mantle, holding sceptre surmounted by eagle. R/ Sol driving facing quadriga, head l. Holding whip and extending hand; CM//XXIE. Probus (/probs/; Latin: Marcus Aurelius Probus Augustus; 19 August 232 September/October 282), was Roman Emperor from 276 to 282. Probus entered the army around 250 upon reaching adulthood. Appointed as a military tribune by the emperor Valerian, he later distinguished himself under the emperors Aurelian and Tacitus. He was appointed governor of the East by Tacitus, whose death in 276 prompted Probus’ soldiers to proclaim him emperor. Florianus, the half-brother of Tacitus, was also proclaimed successor by his soldiers, but he was killed after an indecisive campaign. Probus travelled west, defeating the Goths along the lower Danube in 277, and acquiring the title of Gothicus. His position as emperor was ratified by the Senate around this time. In 280281, Probus put down three usurpers, Julius Saturninus, Proculus and Bonosus. The extent of these revolts is not clear, but there are clues that they were not just local problems (an inscription with the name of Probus erased has been found as far as Spain). In 281, the emperor was in Rome, where he celebrated his triumph. Probus was eager to start his eastern campaign, delayed by the revolts in the west. He left Rome in 282, travelling first towards Sirmium, his birth city. Different accounts of Probus’s death exist. According to Joannes Zonaras, the commander of the Praetorian Guard Marcus Aurelius Carus had been proclaimed, more or less unwillingly, emperor by his troops. Probus sent some troops against the new usurper, but when those troops changed sides and supported Carus, Probus’ remaining soldiers assassinated him at Sirmium (September/October 282). According to other sources, however, Probus was killed by disgruntled soldiers, who rebelled against his orders to be employed for civic purposes, like draining marshes. Carus was proclaimed emperor after Probus’ death and avenged the murder of his predecessor. The item “Probus. Silvered Radiate. A. D. 276-282. Ancient Roman Coin” is in sale since Wednesday, August 16, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “ancientauctions” and is located in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Coin Type: Ancient Roman
  • Ruler: Probus
  • Denomination: Radiate
  • Certification: NGC Encapsulation Advisable
  • Composition: Silvered Bronze
  • Grade: High Grade
  • Date: A.D. 281

Jul 25 2017

PROBUS on horse 280AD Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i57504

PROBUS on horse 280AD Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i57504

PROBUS on horse 280AD Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i57504

Item: i57504 Authentic Ancient Coin of. Probus – Roman Emperor : 276-282 A. Bronze Antoninianus 21mm (4.36 grams) Struck at the mint of Rome 280 A. Reference: RIC 155f, C 40 IMPPROBVSPFAVG – Radiate, cuirassed bust right. ADVENTVSAVG Exe: R(thunderbolt)Z – Probus riding horse left, raising hand and holding scepter; seated captive to left. Marcus Aurelius Probus c. August 19, 232September/October, 282 was a Roman Emperor (276282). A native of Sirmium (now Sremska Mitrovica , Serbia), in Pannonia , at an early age he entered the army, where he distinguished himself under the Emperors Valerian , Aurelian and Tacitus. He was appointed governor of the East by Tacitus, at whose death he was immediately proclaimed his successor by the soldiers (276). Florianus , who had claimed to succeed his half-brother Tacitus, was put to death by his own troops after an indecisive campaign. Probus moved to the West, defeated the Goths acquiring the title of Gothicus (280), and saw his position ratified by the Senate. The reign of Probus was mainly spent in successful wars by which he re-established the security of all the frontiers. The most important of these operations were directed to clearing Gaul of German invaders (Franks , Longiones , Alamanni and Burgundians), allowing Probus to adopt the titles of Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus. One of his principles was never to allow the soldiers to be idle, and to employ them in time of peace on useful works, such as the planting of vineyards in Gaul, Pannonia and other districts, in order to restart the economy in these devastated lands. In 279280, Probus was, according to Zosimus , in Raetia , Illyricum and Lycia , where he fought the Vandals. In the same years, Probus’ generals defeated the Blemmyes in Egypt ; Probus ordered the reconstruction of bridges and canals along the Nile, where the production of grain for the Empire was centered. In 280281, Probus had also put down three usurpers, Julius Saturninus , Proculus and Bonosus. The extent of these revolts is not clear, but there are clues that they were not just local problems. In 281, the emperor was in Rome, where he celebrated his triumph. Probus was eager to start his eastern campaign, delayed by the revolts in the west. He left Rome in 282, moving first towards Sirmium, his birth city, when the news that Marcus Aurelius Carus , commander of the Praetorian Guard , had been proclaimed emperor reached him. Probus sent some troops against the new usurper, but when those troops changed sides and supported Carus, Probus’s soldiers then assassinated him (September/October 282). What is a certificate of authenticity and what guarantees do you give that the item is authentic? You will be quite happy with what you get with the COA; a professional presentation of the coin, with all of the relevant information and a picture of the coin you saw in the listing. Is there a number I can call you with questions about my order? When should I leave feedback? Once you receive your order, please leave a positive. Please don’t leave any negative feedbacks, as it happens many times that people rush to leave feedback before letting sufficient time for the order to arrive. The matter of fact is that any issues can be resolved, as reputation is most important to me. My goal is to provide superior products and quality of service. The item “PROBUS on horse 280AD Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i57504″ is in sale since Sunday, August 28, 2016. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Ruler: Probus

May 6 2017

PROBUS 277AD Very Rare SISCIA & RIVER GODS Cult Ancient Roman Coin i22893

PROBUS 277AD Very Rare SISCIA & RIVER GODS Cult Ancient Roman Coin i22893

PROBUS 277AD Very Rare SISCIA & RIVER GODS Cult Ancient Roman Coin i22893

Authentic Ancient Coin of. Probus – Roman Emperor: 276-282 A. Bronze Antoninianus 22mm (3.2 grams) Siscia mint: 277 A. 635; RIC 765 IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, Radiate draped bust right. SISCIA PROBI AVG /XXIT, Siscia seated left, holding out the ends of her drapery, flanked by two river gods (Savus & Colapis), seated facing each other & holding urns, with waves between them & below them, XXIT in exergue. Siscia, which lay at the confluence of the two rivers depicted, is here called Probus special city, probably because it had played an important role in his campaigns in Pannonia. August 19, 232September/October, 282 was a Roman Emperor. A native of Sirmium. At an early age he entered the army, where he distinguished himself under the Emperors Valerian. He was appointed governor of the East by Tacitus, at whose death he was immediately proclaimed his successor by the soldiers (276). Who had claimed to succeed his half-brother Tacitus, was put to death by his own troops after an indecisive campaign. Probus moved to the West, defeated the Goths acquiring the title of Gothicus (280), and saw his position ratified by the Senate. The reign of Probus was mainly spent in successful wars by which he re-established the security of all the frontiers. The most important of these operations were directed to clearing Gaul. Of German invaders Franks. , allowing Probus to adopt the titles of Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus. One of his principles was never to allow the soldiers to be idle, and to employ them in time of peace on useful works, such as the planting of vineyards in Gaul, Pannonia and other districts, in order to restart the economy in these devastated lands. In 279280, Probus was, according to Zosimus. Where he fought the Vandals. In the same years, Probus’ generals defeated the Blemmyes. Probus ordered the reconstruction of bridges and canals along the Nile, where the production of grain for the Empire was centered. In 280281, Probus had also put down three usurpers, Julius Saturninus. The extent of these revolts is not clear, but there are clues that they were not just local problems. In 281, the emperor was in Rome, where he celebrated his triumph. Probus was eager to start his eastern campaign, delayed by the revolts in the west. He left Rome in 282, moving first towards Sirmium, his birth city, when the news that Marcus Aurelius Carus. Commander of the Praetorian Guard. Had been proclaimed emperor reached him. Probus sent some troops against the new usurper, but when those troops changed sides and supported Carus, Probus’s soldiers then assassinated him (September/October 282). What is a certificate of authenticity and what guarantees do you give that the item is authentic? You will be quite happy with what you get with the COA; a professional presentation of the coin, with all of the relevant information and a picture of the coin you saw in the listing. Is there a number I can call you with questions about my order? When should I leave feedback? Once you receive your order, please leave a positive. Please don’t leave any negative feedbacks, as it happens many times that people rush to leave feedback before letting sufficient time for the order to arrive. The matter of fact is that any issues can be resolved, as reputation is most important to me. My goal is to provide superior products and quality of service. The item “PROBUS 277AD Very Rare SISCIA & RIVER GODS Cult Ancient Roman Coin i22893″ is in sale since Wednesday, October 24, 2012. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Ruler: Probus

Mar 23 2017

PROBUS 277AD Rome Rare R2 Virtus Valor Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i55473

PROBUS 277AD Rome Rare R2 Virtus Valor Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i55473

PROBUS 277AD Rome Rare R2 Virtus Valor Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i55473

Authentic Ancient Coin of. Bronze Antoninianus 22mm (3.94 grams) Rome mint, 277 A. Guillemain 122 7 ex. RARE R2 IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle and holding eagle-tipped sceptre. VIRTVS AVG, Virtus standing left, holding spear and shield; RB in exergue. The Roman personification of Valour was represented helmeted with spear and sword and standing with right foot on helmet. There was a golden statue of her at Rome which was melted by Alaric, king of the Goths. Valour is frequently represented on coins- VIRTVS AVG. Marcus Aurelius Probus Augustus. 19 August 232 September/October 282, was Roman Emperor. From 276 to 282. During his reign, the Rhine. Frontier was strengthened after successful wars against several Germanic tribes. Such as the Goths. And much of the Limes Germanicus. Were officially abandoned during his reign, with the Romans withdrawing to the Rhine. Born in 232 in Sirmium. Modern day Sremska Mitrovica. The son of Dalmatius, Probus entered the army around 250 upon reaching adulthood. Appointed as a military tribune. By the emperor Valerian. He later distinguished himself under the emperors Aurelian. He was appointed governor of the East by Tacitus, whose death in 276 prompted Probus’ soldiers to proclaim him emperor. The half-brother of Tacitus, was also proclaimed successor by his soldiers, but he was killed after an indecisive campaign. Probus travelled west, defeating the Goths along the lower Danube in 277, and acquiring the title of Gothicus. His position as emperor was ratified by the Senate. In 278, Probus campaigned successfully in Gaul. Both tribes had advanced through the Neckar. Valley and across the Rhine into Roman territory. Meanwhile, his generals defeated the Franks. And these operations were directed to clearing Gaul. Of Germanic invaders Franks. , allowing Probus to adopt the titles of Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus. One of his principles was never to allow the soldiers to be idle, and to employ them in time of peace on useful works, such as the planting of vineyards in Gaul, Pannonia and other districts, in order to restart the economy in these devastated lands. Of a greater and more lasting significance, Probus began the strategy of settling the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces of the empire. Of Probus minted in 280. Depicts the solar divinity Sol Invictus. Probus issued many different coins during his six years of rule. In 279280, Probus was, according to Zosimus. Where he fought the Vandals. In the same years, Probus’ generals defeated the Blemmyes. Probus then ordered the reconstruction of bridges and canals along the Nile, where the production of grain for the Empire was centered. In 280281, Probus put down three usurpers, Julius Saturninus. The extent of these revolts is not clear, but there are clues that they were not just local problems. In 281, the emperor was in Rome, where he celebrated his triumph. Probus was eager to start his eastern campaign, delayed by the revolts in the west. He left Rome in 282, travelling first towards Sirmium, his birth city. About Probus’ death different accounts exist. According to John Zonaras. The commander of the Praetorian Guard. Had been proclaimed, more or less unwillingly, emperor by his troops. Probus sent some troops against the new usurper, but when those troops changed sides and supported Carus, Probus’ remaining soldiers assassinated him at Sirmium (September/October 282). According to other sources, however, Probus was killed by disgruntled soldiers, who rebelled against his orders to be employed for civic purposes, like draining marshes. Carus was proclaimed emperor after Probus’ death and avenged the murder of his predecessor. What is a certificate of authenticity and what guarantees do you give that the item is authentic? You will be quite happy with what you get with the COA; a professional presentation of the coin, with all of the relevant information and a picture of the coin you saw in the listing. Is there a number I can call you with questions about my order? When should I leave feedback? Once you receive your order, please leave a positive. Please don’t leave any negative feedbacks, as it happens many times that people rush to leave feedback before letting sufficient time for the order to arrive. The matter of fact is that any issues can be resolved, as reputation is most important to me. My goal is to provide superior products and quality of service. The item “PROBUS 277AD Rome Rare R2 Virtus Valor Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i55473″ is in sale since Tuesday, May 10, 2016. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.

Feb 17 2017

PROBUS 280AD Authentic Rare Ancient Roman Coin Temple of Roma or Venus i59170

PROBUS 280AD Authentic Rare Ancient Roman Coin Temple of Roma or Venus i59170

PROBUS 280AD Authentic Rare Ancient Roman Coin Temple of Roma or Venus i59170

Authentic Ancient Coin of. Silvered Bronze Antoninianus 22mm (3.42 grams) Rome mint 280 A. Reference: RIC 185h, C 531 IMPPROBVSAVG – Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding scepter with eagle atop. ROMAEAETER Exe: R (crescent) – Temple with six columns; Roma seated within. The Temple of Venus and Roma in Latin. Templum Veneris et Romae is thought to have been the largest temple. Located on the Velian Hill. Between the eastern edge of the Forum Romanum. It was dedicated to the goddesses Venus Felix. (“Venus the Bringer of Good Fortune”) and Roma Aeterna. The architect was the emperor. And construction began in 121. It was officially inaugurated by Hadrian in 135, and finished in 141 under Antoninus Pius. Damaged by fire in 307. It was restored with alterations by the emperor Maxentius. In order to build the temple, erected on the remnants of the porticoed vestibule to Emperor Nero. The Colossus of Nero. Was moved and placed near the amphitheatre. Which shortly afterwards became known as the Colosseum. Unimpressed by his emperor’s architectural skills, Hadrian. S most brilliant architect, Apollodorus. Made a scornful remark on the size of the seated statues within the cellae, saying that they would surely hurt their heads if they tried to stand up from their thrones. Apollodorus was banished and executed not long after this. According to the ancient historian Ammianus Marcellinus the temple was among the great buildings of Rome which astonished the Emperor Constantius II on his visit to the city in 357. Further restoration was performed under Eugenius. (392394) against Theodosius I. Whose policy was the restoration of Pagan cults and temples. However as with many of Rome’s majestic ancient buildings the temple was later targeted for its rich materials. In 630 Pope Honorius I with the consent of the Emperor Heraclius, removed the gilt-bronze tiles from the roof of the temple for the adornment of St. Temple of Venus and Roma seen from the Colosseum. A severe earthquake at the beginning of the 9th century is believed to have destroyed the temple. Around 850 Pope Leo IV. Ordered the building of a new church, Santa Maria Nova. On the ruins of the temple. After a major rebuilding in 1612, this church was renamed Santa Francesca Romana, incorporating Roma’s cella as the belltower. The vast quantity of marble that once adorned the temple has all but disappeared due to its use as a raw material for building projects from the Middle Ages onwards. The Italian archaeologist Rodolfo Amedeo Lanciani makes reference to his discovery of a lime kiln in close proximity to the temple in his work The Destruction of Ancient Rome. Presently only a few columns surrounding remain standing in their original positions, while others that have gone missing have been replaced by buxus. 308 – 310 AD. This coin is commemorating the reconstruction of the temple of Roma following the fire in 307 AD. On the ground is depicted on the reverse. Set on a platform. Measuring 145 metres (476 ft) in length and 100 metres (328 ft) in width, and stood 29.5 metres (97 ft) tall, being 31 metres (102 ft) counting the statues, the peristyle. (also peripteral) building measured 110 metres (361 ft) in length and 53 metres (174 ft) in width. The temple itself consisted of two main chambers cellae. , each housing a cult statue of a god Venus. The goddess of love, and Roma. The goddess of Rome. Both figures seated on a throne. The cellae were arranged symmetrically back-to-back. Roma’s cella faced west, looking out over the Forum Romanum, and Venus’ cella faced east, looking out over the Colosseum. A row of four columns. Lined the entrance to each cella, and the temple was bordered by colonnaded. Entrances ending in staircases that led down to the Colosseum. The west and east sides of the temple (the short sides) had ten white columns decastyle. , and the south and north (the long sides) featured eighteen white columns. All of these columns measured 1.8 metres (6 ft) in width, making the temple very imposing. A reconstruction of the temple interior by German Architect Josef Bühlmann from 1913 depicts two longitudinal colonnades of Corinthian. Columns forming a central nave. Flanked by two aisles. Resting on the columns a double impost forms a double entablature. Extending back into the exedra. With a cofferred half- dome. Ceiling above the seated statue. The walls behind the aisles are inset with smaller columns standing some distance above the floor on a plinth. Small statues set in niches. Between these columns punctuate the walls, the niches surmounted by alternating arched. More small statues are positioned on the entablature. Above each small column. As an additional clever subtlety by Hadrian, Venus also represented love (Amor in Latin), and “AMOR” is “ROMA” spelled backwards. Thus, placing the two divinities of Venus and Rome back-to-back in a single temple created a further symmetry with the back-to-back symmetry of their names as well. Within Venus’ cella was another altar where newly wed couples could make sacrifices. Directly adjacent to this altar stood gigantic silver statues of Marcus Aurelius. And Faustina the Younger. Canopy erected at the Temple of Venus and Rome during Good Friday ceremonies. Since the papacy of John Paul II, the heights of the temple and its position opposite the main entrance to the Colosseum have been used to good effect as a public address platform. This may be seen in the photograph below where a red canopy has been erected to shelter the Pope as well as an illuminated cross, on the occasion of the Good Friday. The Pope, either personally or through a representative, leads the faithful through meditations on the stations of the cross while a cross is carried from there to the Colosseum. The Temple has now been reopened. To the public after an extensive restoration programme that lasted 26 years. Access to the temple is included in tickets for the Colosseum, the Forum and the Palatine Hill. Marcus Aurelius Probus Augustus. 19 August 232 September/October 282, was Roman Emperor. From 276 to 282. During his reign, the Rhine. Frontier was strengthened after successful wars against several Germanic tribes. Such as the Goths. And much of the Limes Germanicus. Were officially abandoned during his reign, with the Romans withdrawing to the Rhine. Born in 232 in Sirmium. Modern day Sremska Mitrovica. The son of Dalmatius. Probus entered the army around 250 upon reaching adulthood. Appointed as a military tribune. By the emperor Valerian. He later distinguished himself under the emperors Aurelian. He was appointed governor of the East by Tacitus, whose death in 276 prompted Probus’ soldiers to proclaim him emperor. The half-brother of Tacitus, was also proclaimed successor by his soldiers, but he was killed after an indecisive campaign. Probus travelled west, defeating the Goths along the lower Danube in 277, and acquiring the title of Gothicus. His position as emperor was ratified by the Senate. Sculpted head of Probus from Brescia. In 278, Probus campaigned successfully in Gaul. Both tribes had advanced through the Neckar. Valley and across the Rhine into Roman territory. Meanwhile, his generals defeated the Franks. And these operations were directed to clearing Gaul. Of Germanic invaders Franks. , allowing Probus to adopt the titles of Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus. One of his principles was never to allow the soldiers to be idle, and to employ them in time of peace on useful works, such as the planting of vineyards in Gaul, Pannonia and other districts, in order to restart the economy in these devastated lands. Of a greater and more lasting significance, Probus began the strategy of settling the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces of the empire. In 279280, Probus was, according to Zosimus. Where he fought the Vandals. In the same years, Probus’ generals defeated the Blemmyes. Probus then ordered the reconstruction of bridges and canals along the Nile, where the production of grain for the Empire was centered. In 280281, Probus put down three usurpers, Julius Saturninus. The extent of these revolts is not clear, but there are clues that they were not just local problems (an inscription with the name of Probus erased has been found as far as Spain). In 281, the emperor was in Rome, where he celebrated his triumph. Probus was eager to start his eastern campaign, delayed by the revolts in the west. He left Rome in 282, travelling first towards Sirmium, his birth city. Different accounts of Probus’s death exist. According to Joannes Zonaras. The commander of the Praetorian Guard. Had been proclaimed, more or less unwillingly, emperor by his troops. Probus sent some troops against the new usurper, but when those troops changed sides and supported Carus, Probus’ remaining soldiers assassinated him at Sirmium (September/October 282). According to other sources, however, Probus was killed by disgruntled soldiers, who rebelled against his orders to be employed for civic purposes, like draining marshes. Carus was proclaimed emperor after Probus’ death and avenged the murder of his predecessor. World-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine, world coins & more. Ilya Zlobin is an independent individual who has a passion for coin collecting, research and understanding the importance of the historical context and significance all coins and objects represent. Send me a message about this and I can update your invoice should you want this method. Getting your order to you, quickly and securely is a top priority and is taken seriously here. Great care is taken in packaging and mailing every item securely and quickly. What is a certificate of authenticity and what guarantees do you give that the item is authentic? You will be very happy with what you get with the COA; a professional presentation of the coin, with all of the relevant information and a picture of the coin you saw in the listing. Additionally, the coin is inside it’s own protective coin flip (holder), with a 2×2 inch description of the coin matching the individual number on the COA. Whether your goal is to collect or give the item as a gift, coins presented like this could be more prized and valued higher than items that were not given such care and attention to. Is there a number I can call you with questions about my order? When should I leave feedback? Please don’t leave any negative feedbacks, as it happens sometimes that people rush to leave feedback before letting sufficient time for their order to arrive. The matter of fact is that any issues can be resolved, as reputation is most important to me. My goal is to provide superior products and quality of service. How and where do I learn more about collecting ancient coins? Visit the “Guide on How to Use My Store”. For on an overview about using my store, with additional information and links to all other parts of my store which may include educational information on topics you are looking for. You may also want to do a YouTube search for the term “ancient coin collecting” for educational videos on this topic. The item “PROBUS 280AD Authentic Rare Ancient Roman Coin Temple of Roma or Venus i59170″ is in sale since Thursday, February 16, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Ruler: Probus